Supporters mark Trayvon Martin’s 18th birthday in Sanford , Fla on Tuesday, February 5, 2013. The Orlando Sentinel captured video of supporters celebrating his birthday.
Yesterday, Florida Secretary of State Ken Detzner released his long-awaited report on how the state’s elections system can be improved. He spent a month on a fact-finding mission, talking with county elections supervisors and other concerned constituents to produce this list of recommendations on “increased accessibility & efficiency in Florida elections.” But the only thing Detzner seemed to learn from the supervisors was how to throw them under the bus. The state secretary focuses mostly on the problem of long lines — Florida voters waited an average of 45 minutes, the longest time of any state — and he goes out of his way to blame this on the county election officials.
There’s a lot to unpack about long lines, but before doing that, let me list all of the problems Detzner’s report does NOT address:
- There is no mention of felony disenfranchisement at all, despite the work of the Florida Rights Restoration Coalition advocating for automatic voting rights restoration and Gov. Rick Scott’s dialing back of progress made on this issue by his predecessor Gov. Charlie Crist. Detzner fails to even mention the problem of confusing and trapping the formerly incarcerated with conflicting information about their voter eligibility.
- No acknowledgement of the “souls to the polls” campaign, where community organizers mobilize black churches to increase voter turnout in mostly marginalized communities. The report backhandedly refers to early voting on the Sunday before Election Day as a “regionally popular voting” day that most elections supervisors would rather do without. But there’s no mention of race and how it helps black voters despite a federal judge citing those reasons for why Florida could not ban it.
- Nothing on purging. Florida spent the better part of last year fighting for the right to purge eligible voters from rolls, falsely labeling thousands of them as “non-citizens.” This fight is still playing out in federal courts, but there’s no mention of this in the report.
- There’s nothing on the problem of voters being challenged, unbeknownst to them, by groups like True the Vote, also leading to confusion and eligible voters denied their rights.
- No mention of language assistance needs for Haitian and Creole voters, though this is one of the fastest growing populations in the state, and many of them do not speak or read English fluently.
- While the report talks about how to improve voter registration file processing and management, it says nothing about the law it passed that severely limits the time third-party voter registration organizations, like the NAACP, have to collect and turn over files to the county. There is existing litigation to reverse this as well, (it was temporarily blocked last year) but Detzner didn’t bother mentioning it.
- Despite the call from advocates around the state for a more modernized voter registration system, the report says little about it. The best it can offer is guidelines on how elections supervisors can better manage registration records.
There is plenty of blame in this report on county supervisors of elections, though there were plenty of problems that were clearly of the state’s making. For example, Detzner’s report says that:
supervisors of elections have a responsibility to make the proper preparations for an election and their county commissions have the responsibility to provide the appropriate support to meet these needs. … However, some counties failed to prepare effectively and it reflected poorly on the entire state.
Election supervisors probably could have better prepared if they weren’t sent on witch-hunts by the state to purge voters. Meanwhile, whose to blame for the disproportional burden placed on black and Latino voters for long-line waits. Or the 201,000 Floridians who were discouraged away from voting due to the election mishaps.
It should also be noted that while Florida was far from the only state with these problems, they were emblematic of the finding by Massachusetts Institute of Technology that black and Latino voters waited twice as long to vote than whites across the nation.
Detzner wrote in the report: “I can confidently say Florida conducted a fair election in 2012.” Given his weak analysis, it’s apparent that there must be some blindspots at the state-level, particularly where race is concerned.
Read more about what’s next for the voting rights movement in Florida and beyond here.
Just a day after his teams won the Super Bowl, Baltimore Ravens’ Brendon Ayanbadejo visited CNN to talk about LGBT equality.
“I don’t consider it gay rights. I just call it rights. Everyone deserves to be treated equally,” Ayanbadejo told CNN’s Don Lemon.
Transcript of Ayanbadejo’s comments:
Everyone’s been talking to gay people their whole lives whether we know it or not. We really believe that you’re born gay. I’ve had plenty of conversations with people that are gay and they say they are born gay, no different than me being born this beautiful almond coconut color that I am. People are born gay. So why treat them any differently? It’s time that we treat everybody fairly. And not only are we trying to dictate who people should love. We’re also trying to dictate who people should be. If a woman wants to wear a man’s clothes or if a man wants to wear a woman’s clothes or you feel like you’re a woman on the inside and you’re really a man. Who cares? Let’s just treat everybody equally. Let’s move on. Let’s evolve as a culture, as a people.
Los Angeles County Dist. Atty. Jackie Lacey says Chris Brown has given no “credible, competent or verifiable” evidence that he has completed any of his court-ordered community labor
LA Times reports: > Prosecutors noted “significant discrepancies” and are asking that a judge order Brown to fulfill his obligation in Los Angeles County in connection to terms of his 2009 sentence for assaulting his girlfriend, singer Rihanna.
In a 19-page motion filed by Deputy Dist. Atty. Mary Murray, the judge was asked to decline to accept Brown’s community service due to “at best sloppy documentation and at worst fraudulent reporting.”
Read the motion below:
Last Friday, PRI’s radio show “The World” ran a story about Latino farmers in the Midwest that are breaking through cultural and language barriers to operate their own farms. Reporter Anna Boiko-Weyrauch reports on a new US government project that is also supporting their efforts.
Latino farm owners are not new in places like California and Texas. But not so in Missouri, where immigrant-led farms represent just a tiny slice of farms overall. The operations are mostly small, with many immigrant farmers still working a second job to get by.
But a pilot project launched in January, and funded by the US Department of Agriculture, aims to support aspiring immigrant farmers in Nebraska and Missouri.
“You’re seeing an aging population and a lot of the younger folks in the labor market who are interested in farming tend to be folks from Latin America,” says Stephen Jeanetta, an assistant professor of rural sociology at the University of Missouri Extension and one of the project’s organizers.
The project consists of Saturday workshops at a southern Missouri library, with trainers coaching farmers on making business plans, networking and applying for loans. Hopes are that some farmers will become leaders and pass along what they learn.
The 2007 Census of Agriculture counted a total of 82,462 Hispanic operators on 66,671 farms and ranches across the United States. The number of Hispanic operators grew 14 percent from 2002, significantly outpacing the 7 percent increase in U.S. farm operators overall. A total of 55,570 U.S. farms had a principal operator of Spanish, Hispanic or Latino origin in 2007, up 10 percent from 2002.
Representative John Conyers, a Michigan Democrat, asked those present at this morning’s House Judiciary Committee on immigration reform to refrain from using the term “illegal immigrant.”
“I hope no one uses the term ‘illegal immigrants’ here today,” Conyers said. “The people in this country are not illegal. They are out of status. They are new Americans that are immigrants, and I think that we can forge a path to citizenship that will be able to pass muster.”
Conyers is the ranking member of the House Judiciary Committee.
Colorlines.com’s editorial director Kai Wright was a guest on the Melissa Harris-Perry show on Sunday for a discussion on gun control.
Harris-Perry mentioned that in 2012 there were more deaths as a result of gun violence in Chicago than in Afghanistan.
“But there were also other things that went on in Chicago that we need to talk about,” said Wright, before going on to say the economy and access to jobs should be considered in the gun debate also.
Last week Kareem Abdul-Jabbar wrote a review of HBO’s “Girls.” His review was critical of the show’s whiteness, how self-involved the characters are and said ultimately they’re not that funny.
This time around he’s written a piece to respond to those that were surprised that a former basketball player could actually deconstruct and analyze pop culture.
There was much reaction. Some questioned why a man my age would watch a show about girls in their twenties, as if they’d just discovered me hanging around a school playground with a shopping bag full of candy in one hand a fluffy puppy in the other. Of course, these critics are right. When I read Moby Dick I first had to convince the bookseller that I was a former whaler named Queequeg. When I read the poetry of Sylvia Plath, I had to pretend I was a depressed white woman with daddy issues. Don’t worry, I used a fake ID.
Why did I review Girls? As I said in the review, we should all be intently listening to voices of the next generation, hearing what they have to say and, when they are struggling to say it, help them to articulate better. That’s the advantage of growing older in this youth-centric society — maybe the only advantage.
The overwhelming reaction to my review was complimentary which, because it was my first foray into pop culture reviewing, made me feel both appreciative and humbled. But even among some of the positive response was an underlying head-scratching theme: isn’t it amazing that a former jock can have opinions on pop culture and articulate it with words and references to books and movies? Some mentioned my height, as if I was so tall that the air up here could not support intellectual development. It was as if, after climbing the Empire State Building and swatting bi-planes all afternoon, I suddenly decided to write a fashion article critiquing Ann Darrow’s dress (“The tattered jungle look is so five minutes ago.”).
What do people expect when an ex-jock discusses pop culture? “Hmmm. Magic light box have good shows. Me like some. Others make me puke Gatorade. Me give it three jock straps.”
Maybe this will help: I have a degree from UCLA. I’m an amateur historian who has written books about World War II, the Harlem Renaissance, and African-American inventors. I read a lot of fiction as well as non-fiction. I watch TV and movies. I have acted in both. I have been a political activist and an advocate for children’s education. How should an aging, black jock like myself know anything about pop culture? Man, I am a living part of pop culture and have been for nearly 50 years. Beyond that, I think pop culture expresses our needs, fears, hopes and whole zeitgeist better than some of the more esoteric and obscure forms of art.
Someone just told me there was fighting going on in the NOLA Superdome. #shocked— Michael D Brown (@MichaelBrownUSA) February 4, 2013
During Sunday’s Super Bowl, the moment that generated the biggest peak of Twitter conversations happened during the blackout. The power outage sparked 231,500 tweets per minute.
Among those tweeting during the power outage was Michael D. Brown, the former director of the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) who was in office when Hurricane Katrina hit New Orleans.
“Someone just told me there was fighting going on in the NOLA Superdome,” Brown tweeted, adding the hashtag “#shocked.”
An estimated 15,000 to 20,000 New Orleans residents took refuge in the Superdome and were stuck there with no power or running water for days. At the time, The New York Times reported there were at least two rapes and several deaths including some that were result of violence:
It is a fact that many died at the convention center and Superdome (7 and 10 respectively, according to the most recent reports from the coroner), but according to a Sept. 15 report in The Chicago Tribune, it was mostly from neglect rather than overt violence. According to the Tribune article, which quoted Capt. Jeffery Winn, the head of the city’s SWAT team, one person at the convention center died from multiple stab wounds and one National Guardsman was shot in the leg.
“Come see the water line marks on the street signs by my church and see how funny Katrina/Dome tweets are,” Twitter user Duris Holmes wrote.
“I saw them,” Brown replied. “Blanco Nagin refused to look”—a reference to former Louisiana Gov. Kathleen Blanco and former New Orleans Mayor Ray Nagin.
“Screen shots on iPad,” he later tweeted. “Great for capturing vitriol that’s later deleted from Twitter feed.”
Brown added: “Blocking is quite useful, too.”
Did you know the minimum wage for tipped workers has been frozen at $2.13 for the last 21 years? And that 2/3 of workers earthing that subminimum wage are women.
The Welcome Table has illustrated a beautiful infographic with the shocking facts.
There are 20 million workers throughout the U.S. food system, who harvest, process, ship, sell, cook, and serve the food we eat every day. Over half of them - 10 million -work in restaurants, in literally the lowest-paying jobs in America. 90% of these workers don’t have paid sick days, and with a minimum wage for workers who earn tips stuck at $2.13 for the last twenty-one years, most of these workers can’t afford to take the day off when they have the flu or worse. That means that two-thirds of these workers report that they’re forced to cook, prepare, and serve our meals while they’re sick. These startling statistics are the result of corporate lobbying groups’ influence on Congress. So even if we’re choosing healthier menu items when we eat out, our health and well-being is impacted by the fact that the people who touch our food are impoverished and sick.
Increasingly, Americans are choosing to dine at restaurants that offer organic, fair-trade, and free-range ingredients for reasons of both health and ethics. But not many people think about the workers who helped bring that food to the table.
Saru Jayaraman, the co-founder of the Restaurant Opportunities Centers United and the Director of the Food Labor Research Center has written a book titled “Behind the Kitchen Door” that looks at workers’ rights in the restaurant industry.
Learn about Jayaraman’s new book and check out the infographic at TheWelcomeTable.net.
[For those of you at work: Music plays automatically once site loads.]
On January 28, 1986, NASA Challenger mission STS-51-L ended in tragedy when the shuttle exploded 73 seconds after takeoff.
All seven astronauts aboard the Space Shuttle Columbia died, including Kalpana Chawla the first Indian American astronaut and first Indian woman in space.
Also on board was physicist Ronald E. McNair, who was the second African American to enter space. But before he became an astronaut he was a young boy in Lake City, South Carolina ‘who was never about the norms.’
McNair’s brother, Carl McNair shared a charming story about him with StoryCorps. Take a look at the illustrated interview at the top of the page.
Lauren Rojas is a 7th grader in Antioch, Calif., and her class assignment was to test the effects of altitute on air pressure and temperature.
The balloon reached 93,625 feet above the Earth at its peak, the NY Daily News reports. When it fell back to the ground, it landed nearly 47 miles away from its launch point.
Whether you’re a fan or not you have to admit Beyonce’s Knowles performance at the Super Bowl was full of explosive energy. Her 13-minute performance included a 120 dancers, a 10-piece all female band and several back up singers.
Then there’s the Super Dome staff, stage, lighting and costume designers, the choreographer, the hair and make up folks, the list goes on.
It’s no surprise Beyoncé is getting all the attention but since no one else is talking about the musicians that made that performance happen it’s a great opportunity to highlight the band.
Beyoncé says she started the 10-piece all female band called “The Sugar Mamas” so young girls could have more role models.
“When I was younger I wish I had more females who played instruments to look up to. I played piano for like a second but then I stopped,” Beyoncé said in a statement. “I just wanted to do something which would inspire other young females to get involved in music so I put together an all-woman band.”
Meet some of the band members that make up Beyonce’s band “The Sugars Mamas.”
BiBi McGill: Musical Director, Guitar (pictured above)
Beyonce’s band was tucked away from the cameras during the performance but there was one band member who made it to the center of the stage, guitarist BiBi McGill.
McGill has been playing the guitar since she was 12 years old. She has a degree in Music Scoring and Arranging from the University of Colorado and has gone to play for artists like Pink, Paulina Rubio and the Latin pop group La Ley.
As the musical director, she says her job is to “tell everyone what time they have to be there, being responsible to give the cue for the stage to rise, being responsible if Beyoncé wants to change something in the middle of the show, talking in my mic to everyone who has in-ears [earpieces] and making it look seamless.”
Beyonce’s back up singers call themselves “The Mamas.”
Kat Rodriguez is a saxophonist, singer, songwriter, arranger, and composer with an accomplished resume. She joined Beyonce’s team in 2006.
The push to reform the country’s immigration laws, launched last week by a group of Senators, will continue full steam ahead tomorrow at a hearing of the House Judiciary Committee, which handles immigration laws. Eyes are fixed on House Republicans to gauge their temperature on immigration, and this morning the Committee released a roster of speakers who will set the tone.
Tomorrow’s hearing will have two panels of witnesses, one on the “current legal immigration system and ways to improve it,” and another on “the extent to which our immigration laws have been enforced.”
Both panels include a mix of voices—the full list is posted below—but the enforcement panel is likely to include significant saber rattling.
Julie Myers Wood will start the panel. She was the head of Immigration and Customs Enforcement during part of the Bush administration and an advocate for “targeted” immigration enforcement and deportation policies. She’s likely to strike a moderate tone. Similarly, Muzaffar Chishti of the Migration Policy Institute who coauthored a recent report documenting that the Obama administration invested more in immigration enforcement than any other president, will probably argue that current enforcement levels are enough.
Then the panel will turn sharply to the right. Chris Crane, the president of the ICE employees union, is expected to say that Obama administration officials have undermined immigration enforcement and prevented ICE agents from doing their job. He’s likely to attack Obama for his administrative actions to halt the deportation of people who have not been convicted of a crimes.
Last on the list, the Committee will hear from Jessica Vaughan of the Center for Immigration Studies, one of the country’s leading immigration restriction organizations. Vaughan and her fellow CIS staffers regularly call for more immigration enforcement and tighter bars on legal paths to immigrate.
Tomorrow’s hearing will have two witness panels. The first witness panel will examine our current legal immigration system and ways to improve it. Witnesses for the first panel include:
Vivek Wadhwa, Director of Research, Pratt School of Engineering, Duke University, Fellow, Stanford Law School, and Vice President of Innovation and Research, Singularity University; Michael Teitelbaum, Senior Advisor, Alfred P. Sloan Foundation and Wertheim Fellow, Harvard Law School; Dr. Puneet S. Arora; and The Honorable Julian Castro, Mayor, San Antonio, Texas.
The second panel will discuss the extent to which our immigration laws have been enforced. Witnesses on the second panel include.
Julie Myers Wood, President, Guidepost Solutions LLC; Chris Crane, President, National Immigration and Customs Enforcement Council 118, American Federation of Government Employees; Jessica Vaughan, Director of Policy Studies, Center for Immigration Studies; and Muzaffar Chishti, Director of the Migration Policy Institute’s Office at New York University Law School Office.
Chrysler’s photography-led commercial featuring their RAM trucks is a memorable tribute to farm operators. The two-minute commercial that aired during the Super Bowl was centered around Paul Harvey’s 1978 “So God Made A Farmer” speech and featured more than a dozen faces of people working in agriculture.
But the commercial leaves some groups of farmers out.
There is growing ethnic and racial diversity among farm operators nationwide, and the percentage of women operators is up, according to the latest Census of Agriculture published in 2007.
Of the 2.2 million farms in the United States, 1.83 million have a white male principal operator. But the growth in the number of non-white operators has outpaced the overall industry growth.
- The 2007 Census counted a total of 79,703 American Indian or Alaska Native operators on 61,472 farms and ranches across the United States.
- The 2007 Census counted a total of 20,417 Asian operators on 15,360 farms and ranches across the United States. The count of Asian operators grew 40 percent from 2002, significantly outpacing the 7 percent increast in U.S. operators overall.
- A total of 55,570 U.S. farms had a principal operator of Spanish, Hispanic or Latino origin in 2007, up 10 percent from 2002.
- The 2007 Census counted a total of 41,024 black operators on 32,938 farms and ranches across the United States. The number of black operators grew 9 percent from 2002, outpacing the 7 percent increase in U.S. farm operators overall.
- Of the 3.3 million U.S. farm operators counted in 2007 Census, 30.2 percent — or more than 1 million — were women.
“God Made a Farmer. Then USDA decimated black ones,” tweeted Melissa Harris-Perry shortly after the commercial aired, referencing the ad’s narration and USDA’s problematic history.
In 2011, a federal judge approved a $1.25 billion settlement in a lawsuit filed against the USDA by thousands of black farmers. The group of farmers said that they experienced widespread racial bias from the department when they were denied loans and other programs throughout the 1980’s and ’90s.
Most recently, in September 2012, USDA Secretary of Agriculture Tom Vilsack announced that women and Latino farmers who feel the agency denied them loans because of their race or gender between 1981 to 2000 can file claims alleging discrimination
The ad titled “Farmer” was created in partnership with The Richards Group of Dallas, Texas.
Today the USPS is released a commemorative forever stamp in honor of legendary civil rights activist Rosa Parks.
The stamp is the second in a series of three civil rights stamps celebrating freedom, courage and equality and being issued this year. Last month, the USPS issued a stamp honoring the 150th anniversary of the Emancipation Proclamation and, later this year, will recognize the 50th anniversary the March on Washington.
The Rosa Parks Forever Stamp will go on sale nationwide Feb. 4, which would have been Parks’ 100th birthday, at local Post Offices, online at usps.com/stamps or by phone at 800-STAMP24 (800-782-6724).
Earlier this week I wrote about some questionable Super Bowl commercials scheduled to air this Sunday. Now I’m writing about what commercials I would like to see in between the big game.
On November 20, 2012, a group of cancer survivors, doctors and caregivers from Smilow Cancer Hospital, along with the Fairfield Children’s Choir and a troupe of stage performers, came together at Union Station in New Haven.
They were there to celebrate personal triumph. And to celebrate life.
(Update: 2/3/2012 2:35p—The Fairfield Citizen reports the commercial will be “broadcast before kickoff and later during the football game between the San Francisco 49ers and Baltimore Ravens.”
We reached out to the Smilow Canter Hospital at Yale-New Haven (YNHH) and there are currently no plans to broadcast this video on TV. YNHH is a 1,541-bed teaching hospital for the Yale School of Medicine.
This article is part of a series of stories that celebrate love We welcome your ideas for posts. Send suggestions to email@example.com, and be sure to put Celebrate Love in the subject line. You can send links to videos, graphics, photos, quotes, whatever. Or just chime in to the comments below and we’ll find you. Be sure to let us know you’ve got the rights to share any media you send.
The U.S. economy added 157,000 jobs in January, according to a Labor Department report released Friday. Retail trade, construction, health care, and wholesale trade added jobs over the month, according to the report.
The Labor Department breaks down the numbers by worker groups:
Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rates for adult men (7.3 percent), adult women (7.3 percent), teenagers (23.4 percent), whites (7.0 percent), blacks (13.8 percent), and Latinos (9.7 percent) showed little or no change in January. The jobless rate for Asians was 6.5 percent (not seasonally adjusted), little changed from a year earlier.
Generation Opportunity, a non-partisan organization advocating for Millennials ages 18-29, breaks down January jobs numbers for millennials. The data is non-seasonally adjusted (NSA) and is specific to 18-29 year olds:
The youth unemployment rate for 18-29 year olds specifically for January 2013 was 13.1 percent (NSA).
The youth unemployment rate for 18-29 year old African-Americans for January 2013 was 22.1 percent (NSA); the youth unemployment rate for 18-29 year old Hispanics for January 2013 was 13.0 percent (NSA); and the youth unemployment rate for 18-29 year old women for January 2013 was 11.6 percent (NSA).
The declining labor participation rate has created an additional 1.7 million young adults that are not counted as “unemployed” by the U.S. Department of Labor because they are not in the labor force, meaning that those young people have given up looking for work due to the lack of jobs.
If the labor force participation rate were factored into the 18-29 youth unemployment calculation, the actual 18-29-unemployment rate would rise to 16.2 percent (NSA).
“President Obama says America should be ‘investing in the generation that will build its future,’ yet four years of his government-driven economic policies have left us with record youth unemployment and an economy that is literally shrinking. My generation is suffering disproportionately,” said Terence Grado, Director of National and State Policy at Generation Opportunity, in a statement. “Instead of staying the course and doubling down on failure, we need a new strategy that encourages the private sector to grow, invest, and provide real opportunities for the millions of young people who have great skills, are ready to contribute, and have waited long enough.”
Basketball Hall of Famer Kareem Abdul-Jabbar just published a review of the HBO series “Girls.”
And he might be the coolest 65-year-old ever. His review touches on race, sex, name drops “My So Called Life” and says filmmaker and artist Miranda July may be a more accurate “voice of a generation adrift.”
Seriously? Abdul-Jabbar knows who Miranda July is? And “My So Called Life”? Even if someone else wrote his review you have to give him props for stamping his name on it. I had to scroll up in the middle of his review to confirm that it was indeed Abdul-Jabbar, the NBA Hall of Famer, who was referencing a 1994 TV show about a 15-year-old white girl that only ran for one season.
Abdul-Jabbar was named a cultural ambassador last year by Secretary of State Hillary Clinton. The goal of his position is to talk “with young people on the importance of education, social and racial tolerance, cultural understanding, and using sports as a means of empowerment,” according to the state department.
And that’s what he does in his review published in the Huffington Post yesterday, Abdul-Jabbar looks at “Girls” and deconstructs what his generation is learning from “Girls.”
In fact, 56 percent of the show’s audience is male. Some say it’s because of the frequent nudity and graphic sex. That doesn’t hurt. But the main reason to watch Girls is because the show obviously is struggling to be a voice of its generation, just as The Catcher in the Rye, Go Tell It on the Mountain, The Naked and the Dead, On the Road, Beloved, Generation X, The Joy Luck Club, Slaves of New York, Less Than Zero, and Bright Lights, Big City were voices of their generations.
Last season the show was criticized for being too white. Watching a full season could leave a viewer snow blind. This season that white ghetto was breached by a black character who is introduced as some jungle fever lover, with just enough screen time to have sex and mutter a couple of lines about wanting more of a relationship. A black dildo would have sufficed and cost less.
I don’t believe that people of color, sexual preference, or gender need to be shaken indiscriminately into every series like some sort of exotic seasoning. If the story calls for a black character, great. A story about a black neighborhood doesn’t necessarily need white characters just to balance the racial profile. But this really seemed like an effort was made to add some color — and it came across as forced.
(More props to him for avoiding the term “minority” and going with “people of color.”)
Need something to talk about during the commercials on Super Bowl Sunday?
This may come in handy right after a Coca-Cola commercials airs: University of Virginia history professor Grace Elizabeth Hale points out in a New York Times op-ed that Coca-Cola kept their products away from African-Americans for years. While Pepsi deliberately marketed to black customers.
In the NYT op-ed titled “When Jim Crow Drank Coke,” Hale writes about Coca-Cola co-founder Asa G. Candler and why the company kept its drinks away from customers of color: