Watch Lupita Nyong’o Emotional Critics’ Choice Awards Speech

Watch Lupita Nyong'o Emotional Critics' Choice Awards Speech

Sure, she might have been snubbed at the Golden Globes, but Hollywood’s new “it” girl got a big dose of industry recognition at last night’s Critics’ Choice Awards, where she took home the award for best supporting actress. But beware with this video: It’ll have you in tears, too.

(h/t Vulture)

You Probably Won’t Like The Gap’s ‘MLK Event’

You Probably Won't Like The Gap's 'MLK Event'

Monday is a federal holiday that observes the birthday of Martin Luther King Jr. Accepting the holiday proved difficult with some politicians and some states—so much so that organizers launched a boycott against the state of Arizona, and inspired Public Enemy’s By The Time I Get to Arizona. Today, however, MLK Day is observed without protest. Some people treat it as a day off, while others take time to remember the struggle for racial justice. I personally don’t let the day go by without reading King’s “Letter from a Birmingham Jail.”

Some retailers use the holiday, however, to hold sales. Offering discounts on clothing on that holiday may prove offensive enough for some people—but The Gap is promoting what it calls an “MLK Event.” The company’s website and emails to its potential customers do not include one mention of the civil rights movement, racial justice, or King himself—but do feature several white women, who are promoting 50 percent off 500 styles from The Gap. 

Are you going out shopping on Monday? Why or why not? 

Colin Kaepernick Wears 13-Year-Old Designer’s Fashion Line

Colin Kaepernick Wears 13-Year-Old Designer's Fashion Line

San Francisco 49ers quarterback Colin Kaepernick has been getting a lot of attention this post-season for his unique fashion sense. The 26-year-old biracial quarterback isn’t a button-up kinda of guy, and his outfits reflect that: snapbacks, sneakers, hoodies, not to mention the tattoos. After San Francisco beat the Carolina Panthers in last week’s divisional playoff game, Kaepernick made it clear that he’s not afraid to take chances in fashion when he wore a vest designed by 13-year-old Jeremiah Jones, who lives in Long Beach, California.

From The Post Game:

Jones was watching the 49ers game with family Sunday when his sister noticed Kaepernick wearing one of Jones’ signature vests at his postgame press conference. They rewinded the TV and sure enough, Kaepernick had on the JY Collection Vest.

Upon seeing his vest on his favorite player, Jeremiah called his father and business partner, Ed.

“He just started screaming,” Jeremiah says of his father’s reaction. “I was speechless at that point.”

Although he’s only 13, Jones surprisingly isn’t exactly a rookie when it comes to his own line. He’s got 27,000 followers on Twitter, a website, and counts his father as his business partner. They sent Kaepernick a birthday package last November that included a red vest and a Postive Achiever Award, something Jones usually gives out to classmates who make the honor roll or have perfect class attendence. He didn’t hear back from Kaepernick, but got the biggest endorsement of his life when he tuned in to watch last weekend’s post-game press conference and saw Kaepernick sporting his red vest.

“I just want to thank him for wearing my brand,” Jeremiah later told the media. “There’s not too many 13-year-olds out there that can say Colin Kaepernick wore their brand.”

The Voting Rights Act Fix is In

The Voting Rights Act Fix is In

Last September, I wrote that Congress would fix the Voting Rights Act by the end of 2013. That didn’t happen. But today, a bipartisan contingent of the House introduced legislation that would modify VRA’s Section 4 and Section 5, which the U.S. Supreme Court disabled in the Shelby v. Holder ruling last summer.

Section 4 previously provided the coverage formula that captured a number of states and jurisdictions, mostly in the South, that would need to clear election law changes with the federal government (“preclearance”) before implementing them. The Supreme Court ruled it unconstitutional. The new legislation introduced in the House today by Rep. Jim Sensenbrenner of Wisconsin and Rep. John Conyers of Michigan employs a different coverage formula that would capture states with five violations of federal civil rights laws over the past 15 years. Under that scenario, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi and Texas would fall under the preclearance regime, well below the nine states previously covered.

Other changes include a provision that makes it easier to pull additional jurisdictions under preclearance if they establish a pattern of voting rights violations, and a mandate for all 50 states to notify the public, via the media, about any major election changes at least 120 days before a federal election. Ari Berman has a comprehensive guide to understanding the new VRA legislation over at The Nation. 

The response from civil rights organizations have so far been a mix of praise and cautious criticism.

“As introduced, this bill does not go far enough in protecting language minorities or voters living in states with restrictive voter ID laws,” said Wade Henderson, president of the Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights. “We look forward to working with Congress to improve this legislation and are strongly encouraged by this bipartisan unity for protecting voting rights for all.

“While the start of a critical debate on voting, the bill represents a floor, and not a ceiling, for ensuring that elections are free, fair and accessible to all Americans,” said Advancement Project Co-Director Judith Browne Dianis. “The proposal introduced today contains some positive steps forward, but we have serious concerns. Legislators must make changes to this bill to ensure all citizens have equal opportunities to participate in our democracy.”

One of the major concerns with the legislation is that it excludes voter ID laws as a voting rights violation.

“It is distressing that the bill treats discriminatory voter ID laws differently from other Voting Rights Act violations,” said Katherine Culliton-González, Advancement Project’s Director of Voter Protection. “Under the bill, findings of discriminatory voter ID laws are only partially counted as indicators for determining if a state should be required to have voting changes pre-cleared, while other discriminatory voting practices are fully counted. This exception is arbitrary.

The Senate is expected to follow with an identical bill from Sen. Patrick Leahy of Vermont. Now comes the fun part — Congress actually has to pass the bills, and during a year mid-term congressional election year, a period when politicians are hesitant to move or pass any legislation. If it does make it through Congress, it will likely look a lot different than the current version, with new amendments, carve-outs, opt-outs and waivers.

Over at Roll Call, Emma Dumain is reporting that rank-and-file Republicans have yet to rally around the new VRA bill, despite support from GOP brass like House Majority leader Eric Cantor.  

In Los Angeles, 87 Percent of Public School Libraries Lack a Librarian

In Los Angeles, 87 Percent of Public School Libraries Lack a Librarian

What’s a school library without a librarian? For many Los Angeles public school students, it’s a locked room they can’t enter. New figures reported by KPCC this morning show that nearly half of Los Angeles public school libraries have no trained staffers to run them, and 87 percent of school libraries lack a credentialed librarian.

KPCC reports:

In a district of 768 schools libraries, there are only 98 librarians to teach students how to find information, select a text or coordinate reading programs. Even adding library aides to the mix, 332 school libraries do not have staff.

Without librarians or library aides, many principals have been forced to keep libraries locked or run them illegally with parent volunteers or other school site staff. California law does not allow fill-ins for trained library staff.

The figures come on the heels of the district’s decision to double down on its investment in iPads—the district set aside another $115 million to expand its iPad initiative across the district. The initial iPad rollout has already cost $1 billion. Los Angeles isn’t alone in slashing its school libraries. In Philadelphia, the Bay Area, Oregon, Illinois and New York, when money gets tight—or priorities shift—school libraries are usually on the list of early eliminations.

Is White Still Right?

Is White Still Right?

Lightening dark spots is one thing but the supposed before-after transformation attributed to new skin lightening cream, “Whitenicious,” is shocking. And according to Nigerian-Cameroonian singer Dencia, her new milk-white look is helping to move product. “Whitenicious just sold out. Wow, restocking and will have more products by January 10th…,” says a Tweet sent on January 6, what appears to be the day of the product’s debut. 

Either folks from Nigeria to Brooklyn are fed up with their lifetime supply of Ambi, or Dencia is a smart marketer. Whatever the business strategy, the singer’s new appearance sparks a still very necessary conversation about skin color, attractiveness and upward mobility. A Nigerian-American explains the popularity of skin lighteners in Nigeria this way:

“There’s a different treatment and desirability factor in Africa for lighter skinned women, well beyond what we experience in the US,” he tells Clutch. “It’s an epidemic. You can’t walk a day in the streets of Lagos without seeing someone who has/is bleached. The possible benefits (more respect, increased desirability to men) outweigh the consequences, especially in a male-dominated society where women’s “independence” is frowned upon….”

But it’s not just Nigeria, India or the Caribbean where this conversation strikes gold. According to a new small study from San Francisco State University, “educated” black men are remembered as appearing lighter-skinned than they actually are. Researchers ran two pictorial experiments with 125 college student in one, 35 in the other. Both groups participated for college credit. Findings suggest to researchers that, “Black individuals who defy social stereotypes might not challenge social norms sufficiently but rather may be remembered as lighter, perpetuating status quo beliefs.”

(h/t Jezebel and Clutch)

‘12 Years a Slave,’ ‘20 Feet From Stardom’ Among This Year’s Oscar Nominations

'12 Years a Slave,' '20 Feet From Stardom' Among This Year's Oscar Nominations

The awards season continues to be kind to “12 Years a Slave.” The film is nominated for a best picture award and stars Chiwetel Ejiofor and Lupita Nyong’o are up for best actor and best supporting actress awards, respectively. Director Steve McQueen is also up for a best director award.

Also of note: “20 Feet From Stardom,” Morgan Neville’s excellent documentary about backup singers, is up for a best documentary award. And Jeremy Scahill’s “Dirty Wars” is also up for an award in the same category.

Despite “12 Years a Slave’s” presence on this year’s awards circuit, Hollywood’s biggest stage is still overwhelmingly white. My colleague Stacia L. Brown recently wrote over at Salon that people of color are still often snubbed when it comes to actually winning in the big categories.

See the full Oscar nod list over at the Los Angeles Times.

Justin Bieber Faces Possible Deportation for Egging Crimes

Justin Bieber Faces Possible Deportation for Egging Crimes

It doesn’t take much to become deportable. Just ask Justin Bieber. The pop star, who’s facing felony charges for allegedly egging his neighbor’s Calabasas, Calif., mansion to the tune of $20,000 in damage, could face deportation if convicted. The damage from Bieber’s alleged vandalism exceeded $400, which makes it a felony—and felony convictions become deportable offenses, Fox News reported.

Of course a decent attorney, which Bieber can certainly afford, will try to get his charges dropped or lowered to a misdemeanor. Bieber also happens to live in California, which limits immigration enforcement’s involvement with the criminal justice system thanks to the TRUST Act, which Gov. Jerry Brown signed in October. The law should limit the numbers of those who are swept into deportation proceedings as a result of a brush with the law.

But it’s worth keeping in mind that non-citizen U.S. residents have been deported for much less than what Bieber’s being accused of here. Getting caught with a blunt, peeing in public, accidentally identifying oneself as a citizen instead of a permanent resident—these are the kinds of extremely minor infractions which the U.S. has used as catalysts to deport hundreds of thousands of non-citizens and undocumented immigrants every year. In fact, the vast majority of those the U.S. has deported in recent years have no criminal record, and among those who were deported for committing a crime, the vast majority of those convictions were for non-violent offenses. So good luck, Bieber!

(h/t @prernaplal)

Kanye West Sues Amazon Over ‘Coinye West’ Currency

Kanye West Sues Amazon Over 'Coinye West' Currency

Kanye West is angry again, but this time he’s got good reason. Amazon’s part of the new fad of digital currency (aka “cryptocurrency”) and there was a strand of it going around named “Coinye West.” 

West has filed has accussed the online retailer of trademark infringement. According to The Hollywood Reporter:

The hip-hop artist has filed a lawsuit, looking to hold liable those who have tendered the digital money. If he wins the lawsuit alleging publicity rights and trademark violations, he could get some cold, hard cash — a.k.a. the Benjamins (no disrespect intended to Mr. Franklin).


In his complaint filed in New York federal court, West says that consumers are likely to mistakenly believe that he is the source of the cryptocurrency. The lawsuit provides examples of tweets like the one fromChristopher Hudson, who wrote, “Move over #Bitcoin, @kanyewest now has his own cryptocurrency called @CoinyeWest.”

The hardest part for West and his legal team will be identifying the anonymous consumers who have exchanged “Coinye” currency. But the suit alleges that Amazon is encouraging and contributing to websites’ use of “Coinye.”


Study: AP Computer Science Test-takers Overwhelmingly Male, White

Study: AP Computer Science Test-takers Overwhelmingly Male, White

A new national study of 2013 AP Computer Science test takers found that it’s not just the professional tech world that’s an overwhelmingly white and male arena. The tech education pipeline is the same as well. In eight U.S. states, not one Latino student took 2013’s AP Computer Science exam, and zero black students took the exam in 11 states. Meanwhile zero female students took the test in three U.S. states. Altogether, it meant that in Mississippi and Montana, not a single female, black or Latino student took the exam. The figures come from a study released in December by Barbara Ericson, the director of computing research and a senior researcher at Georgia Tech University.

“We were not surprised by Barbara Ericson’s findings because unfortunately, computing courses have historically been dominated by white, male students,” the College Board told Education Week. Our dominant culture sells technology and science as a white and male pursuit, it’s true. But the flipside is that high-level science and computing courses—the kind which encourage students not just to do their homework on iPads but to understand how computers work in the first place—are typically not pitched as girl-friendly, or even offered in the underresourced schools where students of color are concentrated. 

The distribution is only ever so slowly improving, but for black students in particular, it’s worsening. In 2006, girls were 17 percent of AP Computer Science exam takers and made up 18.5 percent of the students taking the 2013 test. Black students were less than 5 percent of 2006’s AP Computer Science exam takers and just 3.6 of those who took the exam last year. Latino students were 7.6 percent in 2006, and 8.1 percent of 2013’s test-takers. In 2006 Asian-American students were a fifth of the national test-taking pool and last year they were 28.6 percent. White students were 58 percent of the 2006 test-takers and 54 percent of the test-taking pool. 

(h/t Education Week)

Macklemore and Ryan Lewis Perform ‘Can’t Hold Us’ on NYC Bus

Macklemore and Ryan Lewis Perform 'Can't Hold Us' on NYC Bus

Let the Grammy promos begin. Macklemore and Ryan Lewis, the Seattle-based MC and producer combo behind the 2013 smash hit Grammy-nominated album “The Heist,” brought their signature style to an unconventional New York Cityl location: a bus. Check out the video and let us know what you think.

(Via The Hollywood Reporter)

‘The Black Power Mixtape 1967-1975’ is Coming to You in Book Format

'The Black Power Mixtape 1967-1975' is Coming to You in Book Format

“The Black Power Mixtape 1967-1975,” the powerful 2011 documentary by Sweedish filmmaker Göran Hugo Olsson that used archival footage of America’s black power movement, is coming to audiences in book format. It features a preface written by Danny Glover and new work from Angela Davis.

Haymarket Books will publish the project on February 4. It will include historical speeches and interviews with some of the era’s most important figures, including Stokely Carmicheal (Kwame Ture), Angela Davis, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., Eldridge Cleaver, Bobby Seale, and Huey P. Newton along with contemporary commentary from today’s prominent black artists like Talib Kweli and Erykah Badu.

You can pre-order your copy on Amazon.

(h/t Shadow and Act)

Filmmaker Raises Funds for ‘NAMI,’ a Story About Her Mother’s Mourning

Filmmaker Raises Funds for 'NAMI,' a Story About Her Mother's Mourning

Masami Kawai is a Los Angeles-based filmmaker who has created a role that only her mother, who is a Japanese immigrant, can play—and she’s raising $10,000 to do it. But the film, which was inspired by Kawai’s mother following the death of her father, is aiming to do a lot more:

“For me, this stands as an important representation of a character that usually goes unnoticed in our society. Sometimes we see older immigrant women as grandmas or workers, but rarely do they get to be a protagonist with their own struggles and triumphs. It’s important to me to create nuanced immigrant characters for the screen.”

Kawai originally set her fundraising goal to produce the film, called NAMI, at $7,000. When supporters hit that mark, she stretched it to $10,000 to help with costs for post-production and festival submissions. With just 15 hours to go at press time, Kawai needs to raise just $580 to make this film a reality.

Court Rules Against Open Internet, Strikes Down Net Neutrality

Court Rules Against Open Internet, Strikes Down Net Neutrality

So much for an open Internet. On Tuesday, a federal appeals court ruled against the Federal Communications Commisssion’s (FCC) mandates that internet service providers treat all online traffic equally. The FCC had originally voted in favor of these rules, known as net neutrality, back in 2010.

From USA Today:

Supporters of Net Neutrality took some good away from the decision, noting that it established the FCC’s power to create Internet rules. “In some respects, no one got what they wanted out of this decision, and confusion over the proper role of the FCC is greater than ever,” said Public Knowledge senior vice president Harold Feld in a statement. The consumer interest group intervened on the FCC’s side in the case.

Still, open Internet advocates lamented the court’s decision a step toward turning the internet into a pay-for-play model like cable television. It should also be pointed out that the FCC’s original deicision back in 2010 wasn’t perfect becaue it was largely silent on mobile web traffic, which is fast becoming the way that most users get online. But it was something.

“The compromised Open Internet Order struck down today left much to be desired, but it was a step toward maintaining Internet users’ freedom to go where they wanted, when they wanted, and communicate freely online,” said Craig Aaron, CEO and President of Free Press, in a press release issued Tuesday. “Now, just as Verizon promised it would in court, the biggest broadband providers will race to turn the open and vibrant Web into something that looks like cable TV. They’ll establish fast lanes for the few giant companies that can afford to pay exorbitant tolls and reserve the slow lanes for everyone else.”

Janelle Monáe Performs on Sesame Street

Janelle Monáe Performs on Sesame Street Play

Check out a behind-the-scenes look at Janelle Monáe’s upcoming appearance on Sesame Street.


Dr. Dre Teams Up With AT&T to Beat Spotify, Pandora

Dr. Dre Teams Up With AT&T to Beat Spotify, Pandora

Dr. Dre isn’t satisfied with conquering the world of designer headphones. On January 21, his company will release a new product called Beats Music to compete with Spotify and Pandora. Bloomberg Media points out that Beats isn’t all that different from Pandora, which both rely on human curators to make customized playlists for users. But here’s what sets Beats apart:

Beats has a secret weapon, however, that its chief executive officer announced over the weekend: a deal with AT&T to offer free trial subscriptions as well as a “family plan” for up to five users. Those who like their service will get their monthly Beats Music fee bundled into their wireless bills. According to Billboard, AT&T sees the service as a way to upsell higher-end data plans to customers who suddenly need to stream more and more content.

Combined with the celebrity endorsements and an advertising blitz — Beats Music bought a spot to run during the Super Bowl — the service may be able to use its AT&T connection to attract some new customers and build momentum for its alternative platform. That may not be enough to make any money, however. According to an analyst cited by Bloomberg News, streaming-music services need 5 to 10 million paying subscribers to break even after licensing fees.

Read  more over at Bloomberg.

After wrestling the technology away from a smaller company, Dr. Dre and music mogul Jimmy Iovine turned Beats into one of the most popular music-related brands in the world largely by associating them with high profile athletes like LeBron James. During these NFL playoffs, you’d be hard pressed to see 49ers quarterback Colin Kaepernick or Seahawks rival Russell Wilson go through pre-game warm-ups or post-game interviews without a customized pair of beats headphones around their necks. ESPN The Magazine detailed this relationship last year and it looks like that’s just the beginning. 

Why Are Conservatives Hating On Obama’s Navigators?

Why Are Conservatives Hating On Obama's Navigators?

Conservatives have been acting messy about an Affordable Care Act program that trains local residents to find uninsured people in their communities and connect them with ACA resources. The program, called “Champions for Coverage,” has awarded hundreds of thousands of dollars to organizations like the League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC) and the NAACP to train and hire so-called navigators who are tasked primarily with helping people of very little income sign up for Medicaid and other ACA benefits. There are over 100 organizations spread across most of the states with this program.

Sounds innocent, right? But since it was launched in August, Republicans at both the state and federal level have tried to peg it as some stealth conspiracy that violates people’s privacy by collecting personal information on potential enrollees.

News reports swirled over the weekend about how the state insurance regulator in Texas is proposing strict rules on the navigator program that would add another 40 hours of trainings to the 20 to 30 hours already mandatory, would cause trainees to have to pay at least $800 to sign up for the work, and would also subject them to a criminal background check and fingerprinting process. This is a far more onerous security check than imposed on a similar navigator program in Texas, but for Medicare (retirees) benefits.

In November, Florida U.S. Sen. Marco Rubio proposed legislation that would require a credit check on top of a criminal background check for navigator applicants. And in December, Rep. Darrel Issa, chairman of the investigative House oversight committee, held a hearing in Dallas that fueled more conspiracy theories around the navigators. All that for a job that’s about just going out to help get people insured?

As navigators sign people up for Obamacare, they may enter people’s information into the portal, when they’re not getting them on the phone with a government representative through the ACA hotline. But the navigators don’t keep people’s personal information on file themselves, as Center for Public Policy Priorities senior policy analyst Stacey Pogue explained to the San Antonio Express-News. 

In an op-ed U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Sec. Kathleen Sebelius wrote that those who have opposed Obamacare from the beginning are now trying to “stifle, intimidate and impugn” the navigator program. Among the navigators are organizations like the American Medical Association and the National Partnership for Women and Families. It’d be interesting to see if conservatives would be attacking the program the same if it wasn’t aiding civil rights organizations like the NAACP.

Where the New Jobs Are in 2014

Where the New Jobs Are in 2014

North Carolina, where President Obama will speak about the economy on Wednesday, ranks 11th for job growth in 2014. Texas and California lead nationwide, according to new analysis from Moody’s, the global economic forecasting firm.

While Obama is expected to highlight manufacturing during tomorrow’s N.C. State University appearance, construction, healthcare and retail are where the new jobs are—especially out west and in the south. See how your state fares on Stateline.

New Obamacare Enrollee Gender and Age Numbers Released

New Obamacare Enrollee Gender and Age Numbers Released

While the federal government won’t can’t yet release the numbers of Affordable Care Act enrollees broken down by race, this afternoon they provided the gender and age demographics of those who’ve signed up. Highlights from the new report:

  • Nearly 2.2 million (2,153,421) people selected Marketplace plans from Oct. 1 through Dec. 28, 2013
    • These signups in the state and federal marketplaces represent a nearly five-fold increase from October-November, including nearly 1.8 million (1,788,739) people who selected a plan in December (compared with the previous two-month cumulative total of 364,682 through Nov. 30, 2013).
  • Of the almost 2.2. million:
  • 54 percent are female and 46 percent are male;
  • 30 percent are age 34 and under;
  • 24 percent are between the ages of 18 and 34;
  • 79 percent selected a plan with Financial Assistance.

The report also shows that 60 percent of those who’ve grabbed insurance under Obamacare selected the “Silver” plans, as opposed to “Bronze,” “Gold” or “Platinum” plans, all of which correspond to the quality of the care and the out-of-pocket costs one will incur. The “Silver” plans are basically the iPhone 4 of insurance, compared to the iPhone 3 (Bronze), iPhone 5 (Gold) or that iPhone 5s that literally comes in a platinum case signed by Diddy.

As for the youth numbers, they are well below the 40 percent target that the White House set, as explained by Sarah Kliff over at Wonkblog. We still need that racial data on Obamacare insurance, though, and hopefully when it comes out, we won’t find that African-Americans are least likely to have it … like with the iPhone.  


Beyoncé Lights the Way for All Her Single Ladies

Beyoncé Lights the Way for All Her Single Ladies

Because of her latest proclamation, lots of folks are again trying to figure out Yoncé’s brand of feminism. While that scintillating debate happens however, Bey does her “Single Ladies” a solid and points the way to a fascinating new survey about the needs and wants of ordinary women of color. One eye-opening highlight: Women of color overwhelmingly want society to adapt to the realities of contemporary family structures.  

Nearly 9 in 10 African American women—87 percent—and more than three quarters of Latina women—76 percent—agree with the statement, “Government should set a goal of helping society adapt to the reality of single-parent families and use its resources to help children and mothers succeed regardless of their family status.” 

The survey of 3,500 Americans by the Center for American Progress is noteworthy because it oversamples for African American and Latina views. Check it out, as well as its companion, the third annual Shriver Report about the state of all American women. That’s where you’ll find Bey’s essay, “Gender Equality is a Myth!”

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208