FBI Opens Inquiry Into Chapel Hill Shootings

FBI Opens Inquiry Into Chapel Hill Shootings

Update, 3:40pm ET: President Obama has made his first public statement about the Chapel Hill shootings, calling the killings of Dean Barakat, Yusor Mohammad Abu-Salha, and Razan Mohammad Abu-Salha “brutal and outrageous.” “No one in the United States of America should ever be targeted because of who they are, what they look like, or how they worship,” Obama said in a statement,” The Hill reported.


While Chapel Hill, N.C., police continue to investigate Craig Hicks’ motives in the shooting deaths of Dean Barakat, Yusor Mohammad Abu-Salha, and Razan Mohammad Abu-Salha, the FBI has opened its own inquiry into the Tuesday night homicides. 

The FBI’s inquiry should not be confused with a full investigation, the Washington Post reports. Rather, the federal agency will be doing a preliminary review of the evidence to figure out whether Hicks broke any federal laws when he killed Barakat, a 23-year-old student, his 21-year-old wife Yusor, and her 19-year-old sister Razan. While Chapel Hill police say all motives are on the table—in early remarks Police Chief Chris Blue said the shooting seemed to have its origins in a parking dispute. Outraged, the Mohammad sisters’ father called their killings the very definition of hate.

Regardless of what conclusions the FBI or local police come to, former UNC-Chapel Hill professor Omid Safi wrote for The Guardian, that we as a society must look beyond the narrow legal definitions of what constitutes a “hate crime.” Vitriolic anti-Muslim sentiment in the post-9/11 era has cost real people their very lives. “The more important question is how we are going to introduce love and justice back into the public arena, and how to insist on the dignity and sanctity of all of our lives,” Safi wrote.

And, in a final, heartbreaking note, StoryCorps segment allowed the public to hear Yusor Mohammad Abu-Salha’s own voice this week when it shared a conversation she had with her third grade teacher Mussarut Jabeen. “Although in some ways I do stand out, such as the hijab I wear on my head, the head covering,” Abu-Salha said, there’s still so many ways that I feel embedd in the fabric that is, you know, our culture.” Listen to the rest at NPR.

Alabama Cop Fired After Video Slamming Indian Grandfather to the Ground

Alabama Cop Fired After Video Slamming Indian Grandfather to the Ground

The Madison, Ala., police department has released video of officer Eric Parker slamming 57-year-old Sureshbhai Patel to the ground during a stop on a suburban street last Friday. According to, Parker has turned himself in and is now facing assault charges.

In a recording also released by police, the caller who contacted the department about Patel describes him as “a skinny black guy,” who was “walking around close to the garage,” adding that he was scared for his wife’s safety.

Patel is hospitalized for the injuries he sustained, which left him nearly paralyzed. 

Report: New York City Charter Schools Discipline Rules Violate Students’ Rights

Report: New York City Charter Schools Discipline Rules Violate Students' Rights

New York City charter schools’ harsh discipline policies violate city standards and state law, researchers at the New York City group Advocates for Children (PDF) found. A new report, released Thursday, details a troubling narrative: the joyful relief families feel over their children’s admission to a charter school soon gives way to frustration and confusion when their students are suspended, and then often summarily expelled by those same charter schools that promise extra supports for students.

In their review of 164 New York City charter schools, researchers found that 107 had policies that allow for the suspension or even expulsion of a student who violates any part of the school’s discipline code, regardless of the infraction. Even though charter schools are exempt from these regulations, the New York City Department of Education stipulates that children under 17 and those with disabilities are not allowed to be expelled, and forces schools to make punishments proportional to the type of infraction.

For 133 of 164 city charter schools, administrators are not required to offer a written notice prior to the suspension of a child. New York state law requires such a notice. Thirty-six of 164 New York City charter schools have no extra protocols for dealing with the suspension or expulsion of students with disabiliites, also in violation of state and federal law. 

Further compounding the difficulties of understanding the full scope of the issue is the fact that state law does not disclose the number of students whom charter schools expel, according to AFC. But, AFC says, even those data would be incomplete as the organization works with many parents who say charter schools urge them to remove their children in order to avoid expulsion—something that’d be harmful and embarrassing to both parties. 

“We hear from parents who celebrated winning the charter-school lottery only to have their students face repeated suspension or expulsion from school with no opportunity to challenge it,” Paulina Davis, a staff attorney for Advocates for Children, said in a release. “Students do not give up their civil rights when they enter charter schools.” AFC released the report with recommendations for lawmakers to force charter schools to comply with city and state policies. 

Obama’s Cybertech Executive Order, The Fitbit Rash, Drake’s Mixtape, NASA’s Jedis

Obama's Cybertech Executive Order, The Fitbit Rash, Drake's Mixtape, NASA's Jedis

Here’s what I’m reading up on this morning: 

*Post has been updated to reflect that Drake’s new releaseis a mixtape rather than a full studio album.
TAGS: Morning Rush

One Image Captures Loss in the Muslim Student Killings

One Image Captures Loss in the Muslim Student Killings

Mohammad Alsalti is a student at the University of Cincinnati’s design school, but his family lives in Raleigh, N.C., close to where three Muslim students were shot and killed by a white gunman Tuesday evening. When he heard about what happened in Chapel Hill, Alsalti says he instinctively created a design that’s popping up all over social media today:

“First off, being a Muslim-American myself, this really hit home,” wrote Alsalti in an e-mail to Colorlines. “And with [their] ages being so close to mine, 21, it could have easily been me.”

You can check out more of Alsalti’s work on his site,, and on his Instagram page

Indian Grandfather Nearly Paralyzed After Police Encounter in Alabama

Indian Grandfather Nearly Paralyzed After Police Encounter in Alabama

Police in Madison, Alabama—a growing town just west of Huntsville—say they were responding to a call about a “suspicious person” walking around looking in home garages. That’s when they found Sureshbhai Patel, a 57-year-old grandfather with permanent residence status in the U.S. who was visiting from India. What happened next left him nearly paralyzed.

Patel, who doesn’t speak much English, was being questioned by officers who wanted to search him when, apparently, he tried to walk away. He was then thrown to the ground and eventually taken to the hospital where he’s being treated for fused vertebrae.

The incident isn’t necessarily isolated. South Asian Americans Leading Together, or SAALT, says that what happened to Patel illustrates the inequities communities of color face when dealing with the police.

“This incident is part of a pattern of racial profiling, surveillance, and violence that South Asians often face at the hands of law enforcement and part of the broader reality of police brutality in this country directed against Black and Brown communities,” says SAALT’s Suman Raghunathan via e-mail. The group says it’s echoing the demands of the Black Lives Matter movement to change the way that policing is done.

According to, the Madison Police Department has issued a statement that the case is under investigation and “the officer involved has been placed on administrative leave until the investigation is complete.” 

Chapel Hill Police Say Killing of Muslim Students Due to ‘Parking Dispute’

Chapel Hill Police Say Killing of Muslim Students Due to 'Parking Dispute'

Update, 2:20p ET: Father calls killings a ‘hate crime’
The father of Yosur Mohammad Abu-Salha and Razan Mohammad Abu-Salha is contradicting the narrative that the motive behind his daughters’ killings was caused because of a parking dispute. According to, Dr. Mohammad Abu-Salha, the women’s father, says that Craig Stephen Hicks had intimidated his daughters and son-in-law on other occasions prior to the killings:  

“It was execution style, a bullet in every head,” Abu-Salha said Wednesday morning. “This was not a dispute over a parking space; this was a hate crime. This man had picked on my daughter and her husband a couple of times before, and he talked with them with his gun in his belt. And they were uncomfortable with him, but they did not know he would go this far.”

Abu-Salha adds that one of his daughters had recently talked about having “a hateful neighbor.” 

The Chapel Hill Police Department has issued a statement about the three Muslims students, Deah Shaddy Barakat, 23, Yusor Mohammad, 21, and Razan Mohammad Abu-Salha, 19, who were shot and killed by Craig Stephen Hicks, a 46-year-old white man Tuesday night. In it, authorities say their “preliminary investigation indicates that the crime was motivated by an ongoing neighbor dispute over parking.” Hicks was arrested and charged with three counts of first-degree murder; police say he’s cooperating with the investigation. 

But many have pointed out that Hicks posted virulently anti-religion posts on his Facebook account. The Council on American-Islamic Relations (CAIR), meanwhile, has released its own statement urging for a state and federal investigation in order to “quickly address speculation of a possible bias motive in the case.” In the statement, CAIR’s Nihad Awad points out Hicks’s anti-religion assertions—and that two of his victims were dressed in religious attire.

A vigil is scheduled in Chapel Hill’s Peace and Justice Plaza at 7 p.m. local time to honor the lives of Barakat, Mohammad and Abu-Salha. A smaller candlelight vigil is already being planned in the Philadelphia area at Bryn Mawr College. The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, where Barakat attended school and Mohammad had planned to attend in the fall, has issued a statement that says the school is planning a vigil this evening, with details soon to emerge. According to ABC News, N.C, State Chancellor acknowledged in a statement that the victims include two current students and an alumni; it’s not clear whether N.C. State will hold its own vigil. 

New York City Cop Indicted in Akai Gurley Stairwell Shooting

New York City Cop Indicted in Akai Gurley Stairwell Shooting

A grand jury has indicted officer Peter Liang for manslaughter in the fatal shooting of Akai Gurley, 28, in the unlit stairwell of a Brooklyn public housing project last November. Gurley, the father of a 2-year-old, had just entered the stairwell landing after 11 p.m. with his girlfriend when Liang, a rookie officer on a routine-but-controversial stairwell patrol, fired his gun. The New York Times reported that Liang fired his gun as he was also turning the door knob to enter the stairwell; drawing weapons during stairwell patrols in public housing is “longtime police practice.”

Gurley’s shooting occurred in the tense days leading up to grand jury decisions in the police killings of two other unarmed black men—Michael Brown in St. Louis and Eric Garner in Staten Island—and helped spark local and national protests. Commissioner William Bratton had described the shooting as, “an unfortunate accident.” 

Liang reportedly faces multiple criminal charges and up to 15 years in prison. Grand juries rarely indict police officers. When they do, as FiveThirtyEight reports, police officers typically are not convicted, nor do they serve time.

(h/t NY Daily News)

Three Muslim Family Members Murdered in Chapel Hill; Suspect Surrenders [VIDEO]

Three Muslim Family Members Murdered in Chapel Hill; Suspect Surrenders [VIDEO]

Three Muslim-American family members, aged 19 through 23, all students, were killed Tuesday evening in Chapel Hill, North Carolina. What’s known in this developing story is that a 46-year-old white man, Craig Stephen Hicks, turned himself into police following the triple homicide of Deah Shaddy Barakat, 23, his wife, Yusor Mohammad, 21, and her sister, Razan Mohammad Abu-Salha, 19. Police have not released a statement on Hicks’ motive and while his religion has not been confirmed, one early WRAL report points to Facebook posts linked to Hicks about atheism. He reportedly lived in the same neighborhood as the three victims.

According to WRAL, Barakat, a dental student at UNC-Chapel Hill, married North Carolina State student, Mohammad in December. Her younger sister Razan also attended NC State and is a graduate of a Raleigh high school. Barakat, seen in the call-for-donations video above, was scheduled to travel to Turkey this year as part of Project Refugee Smiles to provide free dental care to Syrians fleeing civil war.

The hashtag #MuslimLivesMatter appeared over night to protest an apparent lack of media coverage. News of the triple homicide, according to the NY Daily News, did not make national headlines last night.

The story is developing. 

Muslim Students Shot Dead, Jeb Bush Staffer Resigns, 10 Million Passwords Released

Muslim Students Shot Dead, Jeb Bush Staffer Resigns, 10 Million Passwords Released

Here’s some of what I’m reading up on this morning:

TAGS: Morning Rush

Lynching Report, Strauss-Kahn Trial, Warnings Against ‘Measles Parties’

Lynching Report, Strauss-Kahn Trial, Warnings Against 'Measles Parties'

Here’s some of that I’m reading up on this morning: 

  • Former IMF head Dominique Strauss-Kahn bites his lip in court as a sex worker describes his abuse of her during testimony at a trial in France.
  • Google is teaming with the Mayo Clinic to curate search results for those symptoms you’re always worrying about.
  • Researchers in Vermont claim that all languages are biased toward positivity. (Note they only examine English, Spanish, Portuguese, French, German, Russian, Korean, Chinese, Indonesian and Arabic, thereby leaving out an entire hemisphere’s worth of languages, yet come to a universal conclusion.) 
TAGS: Morning Rush

Al Sharpton Doesn’t Think Younger Activists Have a Movement

Al Sharpton Doesn't Think Younger Activists Have a Movement

Al Sharpton had some terribly patronizing and unfortunate things to say about young activists recently in a Washington Post profile. Like this comment in response to his national youth director, Mary-Pat Hector, 17:

“The issue with my generation is we’re more about the Occupy organizing model,” she told Sharpton now. “You know, everyone can be a leader, that kind of thing.”

“I hear them saying that,” Sharpton said. ” ‘We don’t want Al Sharpton taking over our movement.’ But my question is: What movement? Y’all ain’t got nothing to take over.”

“They want everything to rise from the ground up,” Hector said.

“Fine, okay, but then tell me your strategy,” Sharpton said. “You burned the building down. Great. Now what?”

And this:

Is there anyone else who can do all of this? Anyone other than me? Seriously, I’m talking about anyone else?”

This is what Sharpton was asking the next day, back in the hotel conference room, meeting again with the 25 community leaders from his National Action Network. The issue at hand was one Sharpton thought about often: Who, if anyone, was in place to become the next Al Sharpton? He wanted to invite some younger national leaders to join his vigil with the Garners on King Day, but he didn’t know whom to invite. “What ever happened to Ben Jealous?” Sharpton asked, referencing the former leader of the NAACP. “How about talented leadership in Chicago? Anyone good coming up behind Jesse in Chicago?”

Naturally, Sharpton’s comments have sparked outrage among younger generations of activists. 

Read more.

Watch: Family, Friends Say Goodbye to Jessie Hernandez

It’s been three weeks since 17-year-old Jessica “Jessie” Hernandez was killed by Denver police officers, and over the weekend her family and friends finally got the chance to say goodbye. Hernandez was laid to rest as questions continue to swirl around her death, which was the latest in a long and deadly list of fatal encounters between Denver’s residents and its police force.

“I’ve been crying the whole ride over here — I just don’t think I’m quite ready to look at her,” Quarron Floyd said outside the chapel where Hernandez’s body laid on Saturday morning. The Denver Postreported that a “massive crowd” gathered to pay their respects to the teen.

(h/t Denver Post)

Vox Interviews Obama, Samsung SmartTV Spies on You, Grammys Wrap

Vox Interviews Obama, Samsung SmartTV Spies on You, Grammys Wrap

Here’s what I’m reading up on this morning:

  • A stampede in a clash between sports fans and police in Cairo leads to at least 19 deaths
  • Your Samsung SmartTV is listening to your personal conversations and the company warns people that: “be aware that if your spoken words include personal or other sensitive information, that information will be among the data captured and transmitted to a third party through your use of Voice Recognition.”
TAGS: Morning Rush

Native Americans Say Facebook Is Accusing Them of Using Fake Names

Native Americans Say Facebook Is Accusing Them of Using Fake Names

Dana Lone Hill tried logging on to Facebook last Monday only to be locked out because the social media giant believed that she was using a fake name. In an essay over at Last Real Indians, Dana, who’s Lakota and has been using Facebook since 2007, explains that she’s presented a photo ID, library card and one piece of mail to the company in an attempt to restore her account. The day after Lone Hill’s account was suspended she was able to access it briefly but she was then booted a second time. 

In her essay Lone Hill says that this has happened to other Native users she knows:

I had a little bit of paranoia at first regarding issues I had been posting about until I realized I wasn’t the only Native American this happened to. One friend was forced to change his name from his Cherokee alphabet to English. Another was forced to include her full name, and a few were forced to either smash the two word last names together or omit one of the two words in the last name. Oglala Lakota Lance Brown Eyes was bootd from facebook and when he turned in his proof of identification they changed his name to Lance Brown. After contacting the Better Business Bureau and threatening Facebook with a class action lawsuit, they sent him an apology and let him use his given name again.

To reestablish a Facebook account after being accused of using a fake name, users must submit one government-issued ID such as a birth certificate, passport or voter identification card or two other forms of identification such as library card and a yearbook photo. The company appears to have been questioning certain Native users since at least 2009, when it deactivated Parmelee Kills The Enemy’s account. More recently, on Indigenous Peoples’ Day, Facebook deleted a number of Native accounts. In one case, the company asked users Shane and Jacqui Creepingbear for identification to prove that they weren’t using fake names. Shane took to Twitter to express his disappointment:

Via Facebook messenger, Shane says that the couple’s ordeal came to a swift end when he had some friends who work in the tech industry contact Facebook directly. Shane, who’s part of the Kiowa Tribe of Oklahoma, says that he and Jacqui have “administrative shields” on their Facebook accounts and that their names will no longer be questioned. 

“It’s a problem when someone decides they are the arbiter of names,” says Shane. “It can come off a tad racist.” 

Facebook’s 10-year-old real-name policy stipulates that users “provide the name they use in real life.” However, the social network doesn’t require people to use their legal names, according to an open letter the company’s chief product officer, Chris Cox, posted last October. In the letter Cox apologizes to ”drag queens, drag kings, transgender [people], and [to the] extensive community of our friends, neighbors and members of the LGBT community” whose accounts had been shut down after a user reported hundreds of them as fake. At press time no such apology has been issued to Natives.

In a statement to Colorlines, a Facebook spokesperson wrote:

“Over the last several months, we’ve made some significant improvements in the implementation of this standard, including enhancing the overall experience and expanding the options available for verifying an authentic name. We have more work to do, and our teams will continue to prioritize these improvements so everyone can be their authentic self on Facebook.”

The spokesperson also told Colorlines that any idenitification provided by users is reviewed and verified by a single Facebook employee and then immediately destroyed—which may calm some privacy concerns. 

Lone Hill, who went by Lone Elk until she found her birth certificate last summer, tells Colorlines that she submitted her documents to the company last Tuesday only to receive an automated e-mail asking for even more documents—“credit cards, Social Security numbers, stuff I’m not comfortable sending.” Lone Hill says she misses having access to her nearly 2,000 Facebook friends and doesn’t know if she’ll ever be able to recover photos of her four children that she stored in her account. 

A petition demanding Facebook change its policy toward Native names, started about four months ago, has garnered more than 9,000 signatures. 

Update, 4:14p ET
Dane Lone Hill’s account was restored by Facebook today after being suspended for the better part of a week. Lone Hill had posted about her ordeal on Last Real Indians on Friday, which Colorlines picked up and published a post about Monday. In an email addressed to Lone Hill at 2:58p ET and forwarded to Colorlines, Facebook explained:

Hi Dana,

It looks like your account was suspended by mistake. I’m so sorry for the inconvenience. You should now be able to log in. If you have any issues getting back into your account, please let me know.

View updates from your support dashboard: [REDACTED]


Community Operations

Cops Expose Their Racism on Facebook [VIDEO]

Cops Expose Their Racism on Facebook [VIDEO]

The Marshall Project has a round-up this week of choice Facebook comments from police officers on the people they police. From Texas to New York City to Florida, some officers are airing their prejudices on Facebook—(perhaps, not fully understanding that not all FB friends are actually your friends?)—and confirming longstanding concerns around their hiring, vetting and accountability. And one Seattle case in particular is forcing a stronger association to be made between what officers say online and abuses they perpetrate or tolerate on the street.

TMP’s roundup was inspired by Facebook comments reportedly made by white female Seattle police officer Cynthia Whitlatch who in the must-watch 20-minute dashcam footage above, arrests William Wingate, 69, without apparent cause (begin at 1:40). The July 2014 video, obtained via public records request and released last week by The Stranger led to the officer being placed on desk duty. Next came the public release of her Facebook comments—

“If you believe that blacks are NOT accusing white America for their problems then you are missing the point of the riots in Ferguson and the chronic black racism that far exceeds any white racism in this country. I am tired of black peoples paranoia that white people are out to get them. I am tired of hearing a black racist tell me the only reason they are being contacted is because they are black solely because I am NOT black.”

and e-mails subsequently obtained by The Seattle Times this week. Whitlatch is now on home leave with pay and an internal investigation is underway. After being arrested, placed in a paddy wagon and spending a night in jail, Wingate had been prosecuted. He now intends to sue.

According to The Stranger, “Officer Whitlatch is one of 123 police officers who sued the government last year…to block the Department of Justice-ordered use of force policies.” Seattle’s police department has been under a consent decree since 2012 for having engaged in “a pattern or practice of excessive force.”

Read more about this developing story on The Stranger. 

h/t TMP

Census Infographic: How ‘Slaves’ Became ‘African-Americans’

Census Infographic: How 'Slaves' Became 'African-Americans'

The United States has been tracking demographic data since 1790. Needless to say, a lot has changed in the country in the past two centuries. A new infographic produced by the Center for American Progress tracks the U.S. Census’ shifting racial categories and offers a compelling bird’s eye view of race in the U.S. After all, so much of our race conversation is embedded in the labels we use for ourselves and others.

The U.S. didn’t bother setting aside a category to count American Indians until 1860, nearly a century after the Declaration of Independence. Blacks in the U.S. have perhaps undergone the most change. First designated only as “slaves” in 1790, the Census eventually added in new categories for “quadroon” and “octoroon” blacks in 1890. In the 20th century alone, black people in the U.S. have been officially labeled “Black,” “Mullato,” “Negro,” and eventually also “African American.” The label “white” is the only category that has persisted, unchanged, since 1790.

If nothing else, the infographic underlines the fascinating, complex mutability of race. 

MeaningOfRace-infographic-final (1).png

Click for a full-sized version.

Your Cheeky Muslim Valentine’s Day Cards Are Here

Your Cheeky Muslim Valentine's Day Cards Are Here

It’s that time of year again. And if cheeky cards that are both a pointed sendup of Islamophobia and a tribute to the cheesiest greeting card holiday of the year are your thing, Taz Ahmed’s got you covered

What started in 2012 as a casual art project has become an annual tradition for the Los Angeles-based artist and writer. Four years in, her series has also turned into an inadvertent chronicle of the past year in anti-Muslim hysteria. From TSA scanning to NSA wiretapping, drones to entrapment, Ahmed’s touched on them all with punny one-liners and sharp political perspective.


That doesn’t mean everyone’s a fan. “I think there are Muslims that find these cards distasteful,” Ahmed tells Colorlines. She urges folks to, “take a step back and look at these cards as satirical political statements.” 

“The sad thing is, in the four years of making the cards, Muslims are no less in the news than they were in the post 9/11 era,” Ahmed says.

As for whether her Valentine’s Day cards have helped lovers come together, Ahmed hasn’t heard about any success stories yet, but she does send her own cards to loved ones and friends. “I do think one of the cards I sent to someone may have been the catalyst to their breakup with their girlfriend,” Ahmed said. “Sorry about that.”

Check out this year’s Muslim V-Day Cards here, and her past editions here.

Employment Spike, Gap Booted Off Tinder, Promising Ebola Drug

Employment Spike, Gap Booted Off Tinder, Promising Ebola Drug

Here’s what I’m reading up on this morning: 

  • A secret UK tribunal rules that the UK-US practice of sharing NSA data was unlawful
TAGS: Morning Rush

FCC Commissioner Says No to Pay-For-Play Internet

FCC Commissioner Says No to Pay-For-Play Internet

In the latest round in the decade-long Battle Over Your Internet, Tom Wheeler, chair of the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) announced this week that he’ll stand for keeping the Internet as is: open.

I’ll admit surprise. To understand why see herehere, here, here and, well, you get the point. Then again, perhaps it is difficult for a Beltway denizen to completely ignore nearly 4 million comments from ordinary Americans basically saying, “Hands off my Internet.” Or maybe it’s just difficult for Wheeler to ignore his boss.

Whatever the cause, between last April and December, according to Politico, Wheeler changed his mind about an earlier proposal that consumer advocates and tech companies say would’ve created a two-tier Internet. Its impact on low-income communities of color (and nonprofit media like Colorlines) would be devastating. For example, largely working-class and poor St. Louis residents used real-time tweets and streaming video to draw mainstream media’s attention to Mike Brown’s body lying on their street for four and a half hours. Suppose they first had to pay-to-play?

Wheeler’s turnaround isn’t the end of it. On February 26th his new and stronger “open Internet” rules go before the full commission for a vote. A win isn’t a slam dunk, however. Advocates are expecting pressure from a new Republican Congress and members of the Congressional Black Caucus.

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