Colorlines

NOW IN RACIAL JUSTICE

Compton School Police to Soon Be Armed With AR-15s

Compton School Police to Soon Be Armed With AR-15s

Students in Compton Unified School District returned for their first day of classes on Monday to school police who will soon be armed with a new weapon—AR-15 assault rifles. 

The school board in South Central Los Angeles’ Compton passed a policy in July allowing school police to carry the rifles in the trunks of their cars while on duty for use in the event of a school shooting. Increasingly, Compton schools police argued, school shooters are wearing body armor, and the guns school police already carry are insufficient for penetrating that kind of protection, KPCC reported. 

Compton, a historically black city, is still majority people-of-color, but is in fact these days predominantly Latino. One in three Compton residents is black, while 65 percent of the city is Latino, according to the 2010 Census.

Not everyone is so enthusiastic about AR-15s in schools. Community members have raised alarm about the change. Latino families filed a lawsuit against Compton school police in 2013 alleging that they discriminated against Latino families.

In the wake of Sandy Hook, Colorlines went to South Los Angeles to ask school kids their opinion about the calls for increased militarization of their schools. While young people were concerned about police officers receiving extra weaponry, students were also concerned about the basic presence of police in schools.

Listen to the KPCC report for more. 

More Chaos in Ferguson, Gaza Ceasefire Extension and Ivory Demand Threatens Elephants

More Chaos in Ferguson, Gaza Ceasefire Extension and Ivory Demand Threatens Elephants

Here’s what I’m reading up on this morning: 

TAGS: Morning Rush

The Obama Speech You Actually Want to Hear

The Obama Speech You Actually Want to Hear

President Obama disappointed people again with his remarks on Iraq and Ferguson, Missouri—two places where troops have now been deployed. Nine days into the Ferguson crisis let’s remember that Obama the candidate approached race head-on in 2008, inspiring voters who would make history voting him into office: 

“We the people, in order to form a more perfect union.”

Two hundred and twenty one years ago, in a hall that still stands across the street, a group of men gathered and, with these simple words, launched America’s improbable experiment in democracy. Farmers and scholars; statesmen and patriots who had traveled across an ocean to escape tyranny and persecution finally made real their declaration of independence at a Philadelphia convention that lasted through the spring of 1787. 

The document they produced was eventually signed but ultimately unfinished. It was stained by this nation’s original sin of slavery, a question that divided the colonies and brought the convention to a stalemate until the founders chose to allow the slave trade to continue for at least twenty more years, and to leave any final resolution to future generations. 

Of course, the answer to the slavery question was already embedded within our Constitution — a Constitution that had at is very core the ideal of equal citizenship under the law; a Constitution that promised its people liberty, and justice, and a union that could be and should be perfected over time. 

And yet words on a parchment would not be enough to deliver slaves from bondage, or provide men and women of every color and creed their full rights and obligations as citizens of the United States. What would be needed were Americans in successive generations who were willing to do their part — through protests and struggle, on the streets and in the courts, through a civil war and civil disobedience and always at great risk — to narrow that gap between the promise of our ideals and the reality of their time. 

This was one of the tasks we set forth at the beginning of this campaign — to continue the long march of those who came before us, a march for a more just, more equal, more free, more caring and more prosperous America. I chose to run for the presidency at this moment in history because I believe deeply that we cannot solve the challenges of our time unless we solve them together — unless we perfect our union by understanding that we may have different stories, but we hold common hopes; that we may not look the same and we may not have come from the same place, but we all want to move in the same direction — towards a better future for of children and our grandchildren. 

This belief comes from my unyielding faith in the decency and generosity of the American people. But it also comes from my own American story. 

I am the son of a black man from Kenya and a white woman from Kansas. I was raised with the help of a white grandfather who survived a Depression to serve in Patton’s Army during World War II and a white grandmother who worked on a bomber assembly line at Fort Leavenworth while he was overseas. I’ve gone to some of the best schools in America and lived in one of the world’s poorest nations. I am married to a black American who carries within her the blood of slaves and slaveowners — an inheritance we pass on to our two precious daughters. I have brothers, sisters, nieces, nephews, uncles and cousins, of every race and every hue, scattered across three continents, and for as long as I live, I will never forget that in no other country on Earth is my story even possible. 

It’s a story that hasn’t made me the most conventional candidate. But it is a story that has seared into my genetic makeup the idea that this nation is more than the sum of its parts — that out of many, we are truly one. 

Throughout the first year of this campaign, against all predictions to the contrary, we saw how hungry the American people were for this message of unity. Despite the temptation to view my candidacy through a purely racial lens, we won commanding victories in states with some of the whitest populations in the country. In South Carolina, where the Confederate Flag still flies, we built a powerful coalition of African Americans and white Americans. 

This is not to say that race has not been an issue in the campaign. At various stages in the campaign, some commentators have deemed me either “too black” or “not black enough.” We saw racial tensions bubble to the surface during the week before the South Carolina primary. The press has scoured every exit poll for the latest evidence of racial polarization, not just in terms of white and black, but black and brown as well. 

And yet, it has only been in the last couple of weeks that the discussion of race in this campaign has taken a particularly divisive turn. 

On one end of the spectrum, we’ve heard the implication that my candidacy is somehow an exercise in affirmative action; that it’s based solely on the desire of wide-eyed liberals to purchase racial reconciliation on the cheap. On the other end, we’ve heard my former pastor, Reverend Jeremiah Wright, use incendiary language to express views that have the potential not only to widen the racial divide, but views that denigrate both the greatness and the goodness of our nation; that rightly offend white and black alike. 

I have already condemned, in unequivocal terms, the statements of Reverend Wright that have caused such controversy. For some, nagging questions remain. Did I know him to be an occasionally fierce critic of American domestic and foreign policy? Of course. Did I ever hear him make remarks that could be considered controversial while I sat in church? Yes. Did I strongly disagree with many of his political views? Absolutely — just as I’m sure many of you have heard remarks from your pastors, priests, or rabbis with which you strongly disagreed. 

But the remarks that have caused this recent firestorm weren’t simply controversial. They weren’t simply a religious leader’s effort to speak out against perceived injustice. Instead, they expressed a profoundly distorted view of this country — a view that sees white racism as endemic, and that elevates what is wrong with America above all that we know is right with America; a view that sees the conflicts in the Middle East as rooted primarily in the actions of stalwart allies like Israel, instead of emanating from the perverse and hateful ideologies of radical Islam. 

As such, Reverend Wright’s comments were not only wrong but divisive, divisive at a time when we need unity; racially charged at a time when we need to come together to solve a set of monumental problems — two wars, a terrorist threat, a falling economy, a chronic health care crisis and potentially devastating climate change; problems that are neither black or white or Latino or Asian, but rather problems that confront us all.

Given my background, my politics, and my professed values and ideals, there will no doubt be those for whom my statements of condemnation are not enough. Why associate myself with Reverend Wright in the first place, they may ask? Why not join another church? And I confess that if all that I knew of Reverend Wright were the snippets of those sermons that have run in an endless loop on the television and You Tube, or if Trinity United Church of Christ conformed to the caricatures being peddled by some commentators, there is no doubt that I would react in much the same way 

But the truth is, that isn’t all that I know of the man. The man I met more than twenty years ago is a man who helped introduce me to my Christian faith, a man who spoke to me about our obligations to love one another; to care for the sick and lift up the poor. He is a man who served his country as a U.S. Marine; who has studied and lectured at some of the finest universities and seminaries in the country, and who for over thirty years led a church that serves the community by doing God’s work here on Earth — by housing the homeless, ministering to the needy, providing day care services and scholarships and prison ministries, and reaching out to those suffering from HIV/AIDS. 

In my first book, Dreams From My Father, I described the experience of my first service at Trinity: 

“People began to shout, to rise from their seats and clap and cry out, a forceful wind carrying the reverend’s voice up into the rafters….And in that single note — hope! — I heard something else; at the foot of that cross, inside the thousands of churches across the city, I imagined the stories of ordinary black people merging with the stories of David and Goliath, Moses and Pharaoh, the Christians in the lion’s den, Ezekiel’s field of dry bones. Those stories — of survival, and freedom, and hope — became our story, my story; the blood that had spilled was our blood, the tears our tears; until this black church, on this bright day, seemed once more a vessel carrying the story of a people into future generations and into a larger world. Our trials and triumphs became at once unique and universal, black and more than black; in chronicling our journey, the stories and songs gave us a means to reclaim memories that we didn’t need to feel shame about…memories that all people might study and cherish — and with which we could start to rebuild.” 

That has been my experience at Trinity. Like other predominantly black churches across the country, Trinity embodies the black community in its entirety — the doctor and the welfare mom, the model student and the former gang-banger. Like other black churches, Trinity’s services are full of raucous laughter and sometimes bawdy humor. They are full of dancing, clapping, screaming and shouting that may seem jarring to the untrained ear. The church contains in full the kindness and cruelty, the fierce intelligence and the shocking ignorance, the struggles and successes, the love and yes, the bitterness and bias that make up the black experience in America. 

And this helps explain, perhaps, my relationship with Reverend Wright. As imperfect as he may be, he has been like family to me. He strengthened my faith, officiated my wedding, and baptized my children. Not once in my conversations with him have I heard him talk about any ethnic group in derogatory terms, or treat whites with whom he interacted with anything but courtesy and respect. He contains within him the contradictions — the good and the bad — of the community that he has served diligently for so many years. 

I can no more disown him than I can disown the black community. I can no more disown him than I can my white grandmother — a woman who helped raise me, a woman who sacrificed again and again for me, a woman who loves me as much as she loves anything in this world, but a woman who once confessed her fear of black men who passed by her on the street, and who on more than one occasion has uttered racial or ethnic stereotypes that made me cringe. 

These people are a part of me. And they are a part of America, this country that I love. 

Some will see this as an attempt to justify or excuse comments that are simply inexcusable. I can assure you it is not. I suppose the politically safe thing would be to move on from this episode and just hope that it fades into the woodwork. We can dismiss Reverend Wright as a crank or a demagogue, just as some have dismissed Geraldine Ferraro, in the aftermath of her recent statements, as harboring some deep-seated racial bias. 

But race is an issue that I believe this nation cannot afford to ignore right now. We would be making the same mistake that Reverend Wright made in his offending sermons about America — to simplify and stereotype and amplify the negative to the point that it distorts reality. 

The fact is that the comments that have been made and the issues that have surfaced over the last few weeks reflect the complexities of race in this country that we’ve never really worked through — a part of our union that we have yet to perfect. And if we walk away now, if we simply retreat into our respective corners, we will never be able to come together and solve challenges like health care, or education, or the need to find good jobs for every American. 

Understanding this reality requires a reminder of how we arrived at this point. As William Faulkner once wrote, “The past isn’t dead and buried. In fact, it isn’t even past.” We do not need to recite here the history of racial injustice in this country. But we do need to remind ourselves that so many of the disparities that exist in the African-American community today can be directly traced to inequalities passed on from an earlier generation that suffered under the brutal legacy of slavery and Jim Crow. 

Segregated schools were, and are, inferior schools; we still haven’t fixed them, fifty years after Brown v. Board of Education, and the inferior education they provided, then and now, helps explain the pervasive achievement gap between today’s black and white students. 

Legalized discrimination — where blacks were prevented, often through violence, from owning property, or loans were not granted to African-American business owners, or black homeowners could not access FHA mortgages, or blacks were excluded from unions, or the police force, or fire departments — meant that black families could not amass any meaningful wealth to bequeath to future generations. That history helps explain the wealth and income gap between black and white, and the concentrated pockets of poverty that persists in so many of today’s urban and rural communities. 

A lack of economic opportunity among black men, and the shame and frustration that came from not being able to provide for one’s family, contributed to the erosion of black families — a problem that welfare policies for many years may have worsened. And the lack of basic services in so many urban black neighborhoods — parks for kids to play in, police walking the beat, regular garbage pick-up and building code enforcement — all helped create a cycle of violence, blight and neglect that continue to haunt us. 

This is the reality in which Reverend Wright and other African-Americans of his generation grew up. They came of age in the late ’50s and early ’60s, a time when segregation was still the law of the land and opportunity was systematically constricted. What’s remarkable is not how many failed in the face of discrimination, but rather how many men and women overcame the odds; how many were able to make a way out of no way for those like me who would come after them. 

But for all those who scratched and clawed their way to get a piece of the American Dream, there were many who didn’t make it — those who were ultimately defeated, in one way or another, by discrimination. That legacy of defeat was passed on to future generations — those young men and increasingly young women who we see standing on street corners or languishing in our prisons, without hope or prospects for the future. Even for those blacks who did make it, questions of race, and racism, continue to define their worldview in fundamental ways. For the men and women of Reverend Wright’s generation, the memories of humiliation and doubt and fear have not gone away; nor has the anger and the bitterness of those years. That anger may not get expressed in public, in front of white co-workers or white friends. But it does find voice in the barbershop or around the kitchen table. At times, that anger is exploited by politicians, to gin up votes along racial lines, or to make up for a politician’s own failings.

And occasionally it finds voice in the church on Sunday morning, in the pulpit and in the pews. The fact that so many people are surprised to hear that anger in some of Reverend Wright’s sermons simply reminds us of the old truism that the most segregated hour in American life occurs on Sunday morning. That anger is not always productive; indeed, all too often it distracts attention from solving real problems; it keeps us from squarely facing our own complicity in our condition, and prevents the African-American community from forging the alliances it needs to bring about real change. But the anger is real; it is powerful; and to simply wish it away, to condemn it without understanding its roots, only serves to widen the chasm of misunderstanding that exists between the races.

In fact, a similar anger exists within segments of the white community. Most working- and middle-class white Americans don’t feel that they have been particularly privileged by their race. Their experience is the immigrant experience — as far as they’re concerned, no one’s handed them anything, they’ve built it from scratch. They’ve worked hard all their lives, many times only to see their jobs shipped overseas or their pension dumped after a lifetime of labor. They are anxious about their futures, and feel their dreams slipping away; in an era of stagnant wages and global competition, opportunity comes to be seen as a zero sum game, in which your dreams come at my expense. So when they are told to bus their children to a school across town; when they hear that an African-American is getting an advantage in landing a good job or a spot in a good college because of an injustice that they themselves never committed; when they’re told that their fears about crime in urban neighborhoods are somehow prejudiced, resentment builds over time. 

Like the anger within the black community, these resentments aren’t always expressed in polite company. But they have helped shape the political landscape for at least a generation. Anger over welfare and affirmative action helped forge the Reagan Coalition. Politicians routinely exploited fears of crime for their own electoral ends. Talk show hosts and conservative commentators built entire careers unmasking bogus claims of racism while dismissing legitimate discussions of racial injustice and inequality as mere political correctness or reverse racism. 

Just as black anger often proved counterproductive, so have these white resentments distracted attention from the real culprits of the middle class squeeze — a corporate culture rife with inside dealing, questionable accounting practices, and short-term greed; a Washington dominated by lobbyists and special interests; economic policies that favor the few over the many. And yet, to wish away the resentments of white Americans, to label them as misguided or even racist, without recognizing they are grounded in legitimate concerns — this too widens the racial divide and blocks the path to understanding. 

This is where we are right now. It’s a racial stalemate we’ve been stuck in for years. Contrary to the claims of some of my critics, black and white, I have never been so naive as to believe that we can get beyond our racial divisions in a single election cycle, or with a single candidacy — particularly a candidacy as imperfect as my own. 

But I have asserted a firm conviction — a conviction rooted in my faith in God and my faith in the American people — that working together we can move beyond some of our old racial wounds, and that in fact we have no choice is we are to continue on the path of a more perfect union. 

For the African-American community, that path means embracing the burdens of our past without becoming victims of our past. It means continuing to insist on a full measure of justice in every aspect of American life. But it also means binding our particular grievances — for better health care, and better schools, and better jobs - to the larger aspirations of all Americans — the white woman struggling to break the glass ceiling, the white man whose been laid off, the immigrant trying to feed his family. And it means taking full responsibility for own lives — by demanding more from our fathers, and spending more time with our children, and reading to them, and teaching them that while they may face challenges and discrimination in their own lives, they must never succumb to despair or cynicism; they must always believe that they can write their own destiny. 

Ironically, this quintessentially American — and yes, conservative — notion of self-help found frequent expression in Reverend Wright’s sermons. But what my former pastor too often failed to understand is that embarking on a program of self-help also requires a belief that society can change. 

The profound mistake of Reverend Wright’s sermons is not that he spoke about racism in our society. It’s that he spoke as if our society was static; as if no progress has been made; as if this country — a country that has made it possible for one of his own members to run for the highest office in the land and build a coalition of white and black; Latino and Asian, rich and poor, young and old — is still irrevocably bound to a tragic past. But what we know — what we have seen — is that America can change. That is true genius of this nation. What we have already achieved gives us hope — the audacity to hope — for what we can and must achieve tomorrow. 

In the white community, the path to a more perfect union means acknowledging that what ails the African-American community does not just exist in the minds of black people; that the legacy of discrimination — and current incidents of discrimination, while less overt than in the past — are real and must be addressed. Not just with words, but with deeds — by investing in our schools and our communities; by enforcing our civil rights laws and ensuring fairness in our criminal justice system; by providing this generation with ladders of opportunity that were unavailable for previous generations. It requires all Americans to realize that your dreams do not have to come at the expense of my dreams; that investing in the health, welfare, and education of black and brown and white children will ultimately help all of America prosper.

In the end, then, what is called for is nothing more, and nothing less, than what all the world’s great religions demand — that we do unto others as we would have them do unto us. Let us be our brother’s keeper, Scripture tells us. Let us be our sister’s keeper. Let us find that common stake we all have in one another, and let our politics reflect that spirit as well. 

For we have a choice in this country. We can accept a politics that breeds division, and conflict, and cynicism. We can tackle race only as spectacle — as we did in the O.J. trial — or in the wake of tragedy, as we did in the aftermath of Katrina, or as fodder for the nightly news. We can play Reverend Wright’s sermons on every channel, every day and talk about them from now until the election, and make the only question in this campaign whether or not the American people think that I somehow believe or sympathize with his most offensive words. We can pounce on some gaffe by a Hillary supporter as evidence that she’s playing the race card, or we can speculate on whether white men will all flock to John McCain in the general election regardless of his policies. 

We can do that. 

But if we do, I can tell you that in the next election, we’ll be talking about some other distraction. And then another one. And then another one. And nothing will change. 

That is one option. Or, at this moment, in this election, we can come together and say, “Not this time.” This time we want to talk about the crumbling schools that are stealing the future of black children and white children and Asian children and Hispanic children and Native American children. This time we want to reject the cynicism that tells us that these kids can’t learn; that those kids who don’t look like us are somebody else’s problem. The children of America are not those kids, they are our kids, and we will not let them fall behind in a 21st-century economy. Not this time. 

This time we want to talk about how the lines in the emergency room are filled with whites and blacks and Hispanics who do not have health care; who don’t have the power on their own to overcome the special interests in Washington, but who can take them on if we do it together. 

This time we want to talk about the shuttered mills that once provided a decent life for men and women of every race, and the homes for sale that once belonged to Americans from every religion, every region, every walk of life. This time we want to talk about the fact that the real problem is not that someone who doesn’t look like you might take your job; it’s that the corporation you work for will ship it overseas for nothing more than a profit. 

This time we want to talk about the men and women of every color and creed who serve together, and fight together, and bleed together under the same proud flag. We want to talk about how to bring them home from a war that never should’ve been authorized and never should’ve been waged, and we want to talk about how we’ll show our patriotism by caring for them, and their families, and giving them the benefits they have earned. 

I would not be running for president if I didn’t believe with all my heart that this is what the vast majority of Americans want for this country. This union may never be perfect, but generation after generation has shown that it can always be perfected. And today, whenever I find myself feeling doubtful or cynical about this possibility, what gives me the most hope is the next generation — the young people whose attitudes and beliefs and openness to change have already made history in this election. 

There is one story in particularly that I’d like to leave you with today — a story I told when I had the great honor of speaking on Dr. King’s birthday at his home church, Ebenezer Baptist, in Atlanta. 

There is a young, 23-year-old white woman named Ashley Baia who organized for our campaign in Florence, South Carolina. She had been working to organize a mostly African-American community since the beginning of this campaign, and one day she was at a roundtable discussion where everyone went around telling their story and why they were there. 

And Ashley said that when she was nine years old, her mother got cancer. And because she had to miss days of work, she was let go and lost her health care. They had to file for bankruptcy, and that’s when Ashley decided that she had to do something to help her mom. 

She knew that food was one of their most expensive costs, and so Ashley convinced her mother that what she really liked and really wanted to eat more than anything else was mustard and relish sandwiches. Because that was the cheapest way to eat. 

She did this for a year until her mom got better, and she told everyone at the roundtable that the reason she joined our campaign was so that she could help the millions of other children in the country who want and need to help their parents too. 

Now Ashley might have made a different choice. Perhaps somebody told her along the way that the source of her mother’s problems were blacks who were on welfare and too lazy to work, or Hispanics who were coming into the country illegally. But she didn’t. She sought out allies in her fight against injustice. 

Anyway, Ashley finishes her story and then goes around the room and asks everyone else why they’re supporting the campaign. They all have different stories and reasons. Many bring up a specific issue. And finally they come to this elderly black man who’s been sitting there quietly the entire time. And Ashley asks him why he’s there. And he does not bring up a specific issue. He does not say health care or the economy. He does not say education or the war. He does not say that he was there because of Barack Obama. He simply says to everyone in the room, “I am here because of Ashley.” 

“I’m here because of Ashley.” By itself, that single moment of recognition between that young white girl and that old black man is not enough. It is not enough to give health care to the sick, or jobs to the jobless, or education to our children. 

But it is where we start. It is where our union grows stronger. And as so many generations have come to realize over the course of the 221 years since a band of patriots signed that document in Philadelphia, that is where the perfection begins.

Following the Facts About Ferguson: Monday Round-Up

Following the Facts About Ferguson: Monday Round-Up

At least six bullets from officer Darren Wilson’s gun hit 18-year-old Michael Brown, according to preliminary results released today from a private autopsy ordered by Brown’s family. This would be the second autopsy performed on Brown’s body with a third by federal authorities expected in the next couple of days. There’s no statement yet on how many bullets were fired. Below, a round-up of great reporting and fact-based commentary to help you sift through the swirl of opinion surrounding the Brown shooting. Let’s go:

No surprise here. A new national poll shows “stark racial divisions in reactions to Ferguson police shooting.” But the Pew survey also found that among whites, 37 percent said the Michael Brown shooting “raises important issues about race.” That’s up from 28 percent responding to the same question last July around the time of George Zimmerman’s trial and acquittal.

In St. Louis, zip codes trump genetic codes. That’s according to a timely new study of regional disparities out this June, comparing the health and wellbeing of residents of largely African-American zip codes with those in predominantly white and wealthier areas. Speaking to NPR, lead author and Wash-U professor Jason Purnell says: “The thing that troubles me is that so many children are growing up without opportunities [and] resources….I really want to change the paradigm in this region from viewing children in disinvested under-resourced areas as problems to viewing them as resources to be invested in.”

In two pieces published a day apart, The New Yorker’s Jelani Cobb sees evidence of organizing in Ferguson while The New York Times’ Julie Bosman finds a lack of leadership and clergy complaints about an inability to control protesters.

It’s the boring things that count. Military gear gets headlines because of the optics but out-of-sight paper trails of criminal debt are no less important. St. Louis County’s 90 municipalities rely on revenue generated from traffic tickets and related fines. Those policies, former Missouri state senator Jeff Wilson says, increase pressure on cops to make more stops*. The New Yorker’s Sarah Stillman drives the point home: “The crisis of criminal-justice debt is just one of the many tributaries feeding the river of deep rage in Ferguson”—and it’s a national phenomenon.

Finally, Ferguson’s majority white city council makes it an outlier among cities with an African-American majority or plurality, according to Pacific Standard. Writer Seth Masket says there are national problems at play, “but even given that, Ferguson’s illnesses appear to be unusually acute.”

As always, feel free to add your own links. See you back here tomorrow.

*Post has been updated.

Remembering 7 ‘Race Riots’ That Happened Exactly 50 Years Ago

Remembering 7 'Race Riots' That Happened Exactly 50 Years Ago

During roughly six weeks between July and August 1964, there were seven so-called “race riots.” Five people died as a result, and there were nearly 1,000 injuries and nearly 2,500 arrests. It all started in Harlem when a white off-duty lieutenant named Thomas Gilligan shot and killed black 15-year-old James Powell—who was left to bleed to death on the ground. The unrest spread from New York all the way to Chicago. These moments have been historically thwarted by the Watts Riots of 1965, but have been chronicled as precursors.

A special commissioned tasked with figuring out the Watts Riots in 1965 identified a deep dislike of police, inadequate education and a job crisis as reasons for the events of the summer of 1964, which occurred in four different states. The commission turned its report over to California Governor Pat Brown in 1965—not to be confused with his son, Governor Jerry Brown, who’s in power there today.

Read past the antiquated terms like “Negroes,” and a lot of this still reads true today:

08-18-14-usc-1.jpg

The University of Southern California has made the commission’s report available in full online

President Obama: Eric Holder Heading to Ferguson That’s ‘Rightly Hurting’

President Obama: Eric Holder Heading to Ferguson That's 'Rightly Hurting'

President Obama will dispatch Attorney General Eric Holder to Ferguson, Missouri, this week, the president announced Monday afternoon in a press conference. Holder will meet with Department of Justice and FBI investigators who currently have separate and ongoing probes open into the police shooting death of African-American teen Michael Brown at the hands of Ferguson police officer Darren Wilson. 

While the majority of Obama’s prepared remarks were a regurgitation of his remarks on the situation last week, he did address the plight of young black men and their lack of trust in the criminal justice system. “In too many communities, too many young men of color are left behind and seen only as objects of fear,” Obama said.

Asked by ABC News reporter Ann Compton about whether Obama would consider going to Ferguson himself or doing anything more, personally, to addres the crisis in Ferguson, Obama basically said no, because he has to be careful about not “prejudging these events before investigations are completed.”

“Obviously we’ve seen events in which there’s a big gulf between community expectations and law enforcement perceptions aroun the country. This is not something new,” he said. “It’s always tragic when it involves the death of someone so young.”

“Part of the ongoing challenge of perfecting our union has involved dealing with communities that feel left behind, who as a consequence of tragic histories often find themselves isolated, often find themselves without hope, without economic prosepcts,” Obama continued. “You have young men of color in many communities who are more likley to end up in jail or in the criminal justice system than they are in a good job or in college. Part of my job that I can do without any potential conflicts is to get at those root causes. Now, that’s a big project. It’s one that we’ve been trying to carry out now for a couple of centuries.”

Citing the work of My Brother’s Keeper, the White House initiative to support boys and young men of color, Obama said that part of that work ought to begin by making sure that the criminal justice system upholds “the basic principle of everybody is equal before the law.”

Talk of De-Militarizing Local Police Misses the Point

Talk of De-Militarizing Local Police Misses the Point

By this weekend, the show of military force by local police in Ferguson, Missouri, had prompted a response from Congress. The chair of the Senate Armed Services Committee, Sen. Carl Levin (D-Mich.) promised to review the Pentagon program that since the 1990s has transferred $4 billion in surplus military equipment to police forces. But many concerned with the policing of communities of color are also saying that demilitarizing local police really isn’t the point—or, as comedian John Oliver says, it “would just change the optics.” Writing for MSNBC, Columbia University professor Dorian Warren, a board member of Race Forward, which publishes Colorlines, explains:

“…the demilitarization argument does nothing to challenge or change the fact that ‘nearly two times a week in the United States, a white police officer killed a black person during a seven-year period ending in 2012,’ according to FBI statistics. …That’s everyday local policing, and has nothing to do with the militarization of local police forces….The choke-hold that killed Eric Garner or the multiple gunshots that killed Michael [Brown] were not military-grade weapons.

(h/t MSNBC)

5 Things Ferguson Got Terribly Wrong over the Weekend

5 Things Ferguson Got Terribly Wrong over the Weekend

It was bad enough that Ferguson’s police chief, Tom Jackson, released video of Michael Brown shortly before he was shot and killed by officer Darren Wilson—against the Department of Justice’s suggestion. The storeowners that Michael Brown visited before his death also made clear they never even called 911.

But authorities in Ferguson continued to make even more trouble over the weekend, especially when it came to dealing with journalists during the ongoing state of emergency. Here are just five of the ways Ferguson continues to get things wrong:

Saturday’s press conference turns to chaos
Governor Jay Nixon called a press conference on Saturday during which he announced a state of emergency—which was met by community members asking questions Nixon wasn’t exactly comfortable answering (jump to 04:18 for the first audience response):

 

Caging reporters
Accredited reporters were allowed to remain in a “staging area,” which impeded them from doing their jobs. While some reporters refused to accommodate the police’s request, other stayed behind in this zone:

 

Lying to reporters about use of tear gas
One of the perils of journalists remaining in the police-sanctioned staging area is that they’re influenced by what the police say is happening over what is actually occurring. For example, police used tear gas on Saturday night but convinced journalists in the staging are that it was only smoke—and many inaccurately reported it that way:

 

Failing to get help a gunshot victim
Police were out in full force this weekend, yet failed to get a gunshot victim to the hospital Saturday night. USA Today reported that Missouri’s State Highway Patrol Captain Ronald Johnson claimed “police used tear gas in an effort to reach the wounded person, but that other protesters already had taken the shooting victim to the hospital.” We’re not really sure how tear gas would help get a victim to a hospital—and his community got him there instead. This is presumably the gunshot victim being lifted off the ground on Saturday:

 

Middle-of-the-night press conferences
In what seems like a willful effort to avoid questions from the press (as well as local residents), Ferguson keeps hosting press conferences in the middle of the night. Writer Tina Vásquez pointed out just how problematic this is: 

Private Autopsy: Michael Brown Shot at Least Six Times

Private Autopsy: Michael Brown Shot at Least Six Times

Ferguson police officer Darren Wilson shot 18-year-old Michael Brown at least six times, twice in the head, according to a private autopsy released Sunday evening, the New York Times reported. The autopsy was performed by Dr. Michael M. Baden, a former chief medical examiner for New York City, and requested by Brown’s family.

The autopsy results were released on the same day that Attorney General Eric Holder announced that the Department of Justice will perform its own autopsy alongside ongoing investigation the agency is conducting into Brown’s death.

Frances Robles and Julie Bosman reported for the New York Times:

Dr. Baden said that while Mr. Brown was shot at least six times, only three bullets were recovered from his body. But he has not yet seen the X-rays showing where the bullets were found, which would clarify the autopsy results. Nor has he had access to witness and police statements.

Dr. Baden provided a diagram of the entry wounds, and noted that the six shots produced numerous wounds. Some of the bullets entered and exited several times, including one that left at least five different wounds.

“This one here looks like his head was bent downward,” he said, indicating the wound at the very top of Mr. Brown’s head. “It can be because he’s giving up, or because he’s charging forward at the officer.”

National Guard Deployed to Ferguson, ISIS Loses Control of Mosul Dam and Facebook’s Satire Tag

National Guard Deployed to Ferguson, ISIS Loses Control of Mosul Dam and Facebook's Satire Tag

Here’s what I’m reading up on this morning:

  • Without so much as a trial, Israel demolishes the homes of two men suspected of kidnapping and murdering three Israeli teens in June. 
  • Texas Governor Rick Perry, who’s been indicted for corruption, may soon turn himself in for his mugshot and fingerprints. 
  • Dollar, Dollar and Dollar. Dollar General outbids Dollar Tree in a bid to acquire Family Dollar. 
TAGS: Morning Rush

Officer Darren Wilson Lives in Crestwood, Black Population 1.3%

Officer Darren Wilson Lives in Crestwood, Black Population 1.3%

Ferguson’s police department hasn’t shared much about officer Darren Wilson, who they say shot and killed unarmed 18-year-old Michael Brown on Saturday. But USA Today visited Wilson’s home today in Crestwood, Missouri. 

The geographic difference between Ferguson and Crestwood is tiny—a short 26 miles away. But the demographic differences are severe. In 2012, the median household income in Ferguson was $36,121; it was nearly double for Crestwood, at $64,724. And while Ferguson is a largely black city where 64.9 percent of residents are black, Crestwood’s black population is tiny, at just 1.3 percent. Wilson previously worked in nearby Jennings, where the black population is 86.1 percent.

Wilson has policed two cities with majority black working class populations. Cities that look nothing like the one he calls home.  


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Ferguson Officer Darren Wilson Fled Town ‘Days Ago’

Ferguson Officer Darren Wilson Fled Town 'Days Ago'

While police, armed and armored to the hilt, staged a paramilitary operation in Ferguson, Missouri this week, the officer who started it all had already left town. Ferguson police officer Darren Wilson, a six-year veteran who shot and killed Michael Brown on Saturday, was nowhere to be found when USA Today reporters visited his home in Crestwood, Missouri today. A police officer stationed in front of Wilson’s home told the paper that “Wilson and his family left days ago,” USA Today reported.

Yamiche Alcindor, Marisol Bello and Aamer Madhani reported for USA Today:

A neighbor, who did not want to be identified, said that Wilson had moved into the neighborhood less than a year ago. She described him as ” tall and slim” and that she would see him walking his dog in the neighborhood of mostly single-story brick homes. She said she didn’t know he was the cop until this morning when Crestwood police informed residents that he was involved and the neighborhood would be getting attention.

Another neighbor, Ron Gorski, said he hopes Wilson gets a fair break.

“He’s a young guy,” Gorski said of Wilson. “Things happen and it’s a complicated situation. I feel for the family and the entire country.”

Complicated, sure. If police response thus far has been any indication, Wilson’s neighbors ought to be more concerned about the “fair break” Brown and his family and community will get.

Following Ferguson: Weekend Reads

Following Ferguson: Weekend Reads

Ferguson, Missouri police officer Darren Wilson fatally shot an unarmed teen, 18-year-old Michael Brown. That’s about the only point of agreement among many people watching the Ferguson story unfold. With today’s announcements about the officer and Brown in mind, here are a few must-reads for your weekend. 

Begin with USA Today, whose reporting reveals that the nation doesn’t count annual police killings all that well. Next MSNBC finds one explanation for why a majority black suburb has a majority white city government and police force: low voter turnout.

Reason looks at who in Congress is voting to militarize local police—and who isn’t. (It might surprise some of you.) Then wash it all back with this Storify, supposedly from Iraq and Afghanistan vets, along with this image of an on-duty balaclava’d officer.

As we first saw with Trayvon Martin, national and social media are again exposing private black family conversations to a general audience. Wash-U professor John Inazu wants white families to get in on the act. “[Let] me implore my white friends and colleagues not to let this be a “black thing,” he writes in the Post-Dispatch. “Join the peaceful demonstrations, and get your friends and families to join with you.” Some of these conversations aren’t pleasant. See The New Republic for what some white St. Louisans are saying about their neighbors in Ferguson. Bear in mind the TNR reporting is only one article, just one view of many. More reporters need to follow TNR’s lead and talk to more white people.

And finally, an observation. Social media and citizen journalists are becoming more effective at not only helping to organize physical protests but in challenging perceptions of unarmed young black men as criminals. As a woman, it’s difficult not to see similarities between this image war and the one waged 30 years ago by my mom’s generation. At one point, society took it as truth that women wearing short skirts, “deserved it” too. That belief is still around. But it’s no longer considered the truth.

As always, feel free to add your links. Have a good weekend, y’all.

Officer Darren Wilson to Young Woman: ‘Shut the F Up, Sit the F Down’

Officer Darren Wilson to Young Woman: 'Shut the F Up, Sit the F Down'

CNN’s Don Lemon is in Ferguson today talking to local residents about new developments there related to Saturday’s shooting of 18-year-old Michael Brown, who we now know was shot and killed by Officer Darren Wilson. 

A young woman, whom Lemon fails to identify, shared a troubling story about her encounter with Officer Wilson about a month ago—in which she alleges that Wilson mistreated her, making her suffer the effects of a painful macing. She says Wilson also threatened her with arrest. 

“I looked at his nametag and I was telling myself that I’d never forget who he was and what he did to me,” she explains. When she saw his name in the news this morning, the young woman says she knew exactly who Darren Wilson was. 

American Muslims Sue for Being Watchlisted Without Due Process

American Muslims Sue for Being Watchlisted Without Due Process

On Thursday, five American Muslims filed a lawsuit in federal court charging that they were added to the federal watchlist of “known or suspected terrorists” without due process. 

The lawsuit was filed on behalf of Yaseen Kadura, Naji Abduljaber, Abdus Samad Tootla, Alaa Saade and Ahmed Saleh Abusaleh by the Michigan chapter of the Council and American Islamic Relations (CAIR) to challenge “the government’s broad and unchecked power to secretly label individuals as ‘known or suspected terrorists’ without concrete facts, but based on only a vague standard of ‘reasonable suspicion,’” said CAIR attorney Lena Masri in a statement. 

“The federal government has unjustly and disproportionately targeted American Muslims by routinely adding their names to the Terrorist Screening Database without affording them their rights to due process,” Masri said.

The lawsuit asked that the federal government notify those who are being placed on the watch list, and offer an opportunity to challenge their placement on it. Some 1.1 million people were on the watchlist by the end of 2013, AP reported. Dearborn, Michigan, with a large Muslim population, ranks second on a list of cities with the largest representation of those on the federal terrorist watchlist.

The lawsuit was filed just weeks after The Intercept first reported that the federal government had been secretly monitoring the email of American Muslims.

Ferguson Names Shooter But is Still Doing it Wrong

Ferguson Names Shooter But is Still Doing it Wrong

Ferguson Police Chief Tom Jackson finally released the name of Michael Brown’s shooter this morning: Darren Wilson. But in doing so, he took the opportunity to distribute still images and video from a robbery that he says occurred Saturday morning before Brown was shot and killed. Ferguson has already failed on multiple levels since Brown’s shooting. Today’s development just adds to that list.

In the images and video released to the media this morning, someone who is purported to be Brown is seen pushing another person assumed to be a store clerk. We’re told that the person identified as Brown stole a box of little cigars.

The problem here is that the supposed images of Brown, along with the unverified allegation that he carried out a “strong-arm robbery,” primes the media—and its readers—to focus on the wrong suspect.

Rather than releasing images of Darren Wilson—who’s suspected of something far more serious than theft— this emphasis places blame on the victim. Even if it’s confirmed that Brown took a box of cigars and pushed a store clerk in one place, he was killed in another—and witnesses claim the 18-year-old was essentially executed in cold blood

Aside from not having images of Wilson, we don’t even know how many shots he fired. We lack basic facts about the investigation into Wilson, assuming one is truly under way. 

What White St. Louis Says About Ferguson

What White St. Louis Says About Ferguson

Julia Ioffe has done something that reporters rarely do. She went to one of St. Louis’ predominantly white suburbs and asked residents what they think these days about neighboring Ferguson, scene of the fatal shooting last Saturday of unarmed 18-year-old Michael Brown by officer Darren Wilson. Their comments lack empathy. And notably, no one reveals their name for publication. Never mind. What’s important is that Ioffe asked white St. Louis residents what they thought in the first place.

Too often, white perspectives go missing when national media reports on a “race story.” They show up at a remove in surveys about white attitudes, studies about the criminal justice system, or as anonymous or ranting opinions in an online comments section—but less so as real people quoted in the reported story. This absence especially shouldn’t happen in Ferguson.

Early reporting situates this week of protest within racially skewed power dynamics, regional disinvestment, residential segregation and racial profiling by local police to say the least. White St. Louis residents probably have a lot to say about that—and not all share views with those anonymous folks in Ioffe’s reporting. But first, let’s hope other reporters even ask. They are a crucial part of the Ferguson story, too.

(h/t The New Republic)

Sylvia Rivera and Marsha P. Johnson: Trans Pioneers, BFFs, Film Stars

Sylvia Rivera and Marsha P. Johnson: Trans Pioneers, BFFs, Film Stars

Sylvia Rivera and Marsha P. Johnson were two trans activists whose contributions to the 1969 Stonewall Riots were somewhat lost to history. Now, two modern-day activists have raised more than $25,000 on Kickstarter to bring the story of their radical friendship to new audiences.

Reina Gossett and Sasha Wortzel wrapped up the successful crowdsourcing campaign for “Happy Birthday, Marsha,” a short narrative film based on the hot summer day in June of 1969 when the two friends helped make history. 

When Marsha and Sylvia, self-proclaimed “street queens” - homeless, Black & Latina trans women - ignite the Stonewall Rebellion, they change LGBT politics forever. It’s a hot summer day in June, 1969. Marsha throws a party, but no one shows up. Meanwhile, Sylvia gets stoned and forgets the party after unsuccessfully introducing her lover to her family. Throughout the difficult day, the friends struggle with harassment and alienation before converging at the Stonewall Inn to finally celebrate Marsha’s birth. Unbeknownst to them, the NYPD has plans to raid the bar that night.Happy Birthday, Marsha! is the story of two brave best friends and the everyday decisions they made that changed the course of history.

As Wortzel says in the Kickstarter video, the film is about “the everyday choices that can change the course of history.” It’s currently in pre-production, according to a tweet from Wortzel:

Michael Brown’s Shooter: Darren Wilson

Michael Brown's Shooter: Darren Wilson

It’s taken nearly a week to reveal the identity of the Ferguson police officer that shot and killed 18-year-old Michael Brown last Saturday. His name is Darren Wilson, an officer who’s served on the force for six years.

Ferguson Police Chief Tom Jackson police disclosed Wilsons’s name in front of the local QuikTrip, which was burned down on Sunday during clashes between police and demonstrators.

Jackson also referred to a “strongarm robbery” that Saturday—although it’s unclear if it had any connection to Brown’s killing. The mention of a “suspect” in connection to this case appears to have angered local residents attending the press conference this morning in Ferguson. 

Brown’s Shooter’s Name Released, Panama Canal Turns 100 and Downton’s Plastic Bottle

Brown's Shooter's Name Released, Panama Canal Turns 100 and Downton's Plastic Bottle

Here’s what I’m reading up on this morning: 

  • Michael Brown’s shooter has been identified as Darren Wilson. 
  • Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri al-Malaki steps down
  • Is Amazon the new Ministry of Truth? George Orwell’s executor thinks so after the retail giant publishes a letter full of doublespeak. 
TAGS: Morning Rush
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