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This Is Why It Sucks to Be Stopped and Frisked in New York City

This Is Why It Sucks to Be Stopped and Frisked in New York City

Today marks the beginning of an important trial in New York City to determine the constitutionality of the NYPD’s Stop and Frisk program. Long before the NYPD’s signature program went to trial, men of color have documented their experiences. Here’s what they have to say.

Back in 2010, the Colorlines.com team made its way to Brownsville, Brooklyn, a largely black and Latino neighborhood that’s considered by many to be the epicenter of the Stop-and-Frisk program. We heard first hand accounts from young men who said they’d been stopped up to twenty times. The takeaway: it sucks.

While there has been a ton of really important reporting on the impact of Stop-and-Frisk, there wasn’t much documented evidence of what the ordeal entails. That all changed in the fall of 2012 when TheNation.com published exclusive video recorded by a young man named Alvin, who recorded his encounter with cops in Harlem.

The New York Times has had some stellar reporting that’s uncovered important details about Stop-and-Frisk. Reporters there dug through data and came up with hard numbers on how black and Latino young men are disproportionately stopped, and how so few of those stops actually result in finding illegal firearms.

A Tribe Called Red Brings Dubstep Powwows to SXSW

A Tribe Called Red Brings Dubstep Powwows to SXSW

Ottawa based Native Producer/DJ crew A Tribe Called Red will play South by Southwest on Friday and Saturday nights. DJ Shub, DJ NDN and Bear Witness will bring their unique mix of Native powwow chants, hip-hop and dubstep beats to the music festival in Austin, Texas.

The DJ collective’s self-titled 2012 debut album was released for free online without the backing of a record label—the DJ crew says they’re interested in controlling their own image.

“If you’re First Nations in Canada, just the fact that you’re even alive is a political statement,” Ian “DJ NDN” Campeau told NowToronto.com last month.

“We’re always being looked at through the lens of colonialism, and we’re never portraying ourselves. We’re starting to take control of that, but it’s really just beginning. Something as simple as being photographed laughing can start to change the way we’re perceived, and challenges the stereotype,” Bear Witness told NowToronto.com.

If you’re not in Austin you can still enjoy A Tribe Called Red’s music by downloading their latest album for free on Electricpowwow.com.


A Tribe Called Red will perform in Austin, Texas on Friday and Saturday night.

Grey_star Friday, March 15

1:00AM - 1:50AM 

Speakeasy 412 Congress Ave


Saturday, March 16 

10:00PM -10:45PM 

Townhouse 303 W 5th St

A Two-Minute Video Explains Why Jail Is Not the Answer for Youth Crime

A Two-Minute Video Explains Why Jail Is Not the Answer for Youth Crime

Jail is no place for kids who make mistakes. So argues Mistakes Kids Make, a new MacArthur Foundation-funded storytelling project, which unveiled a video and new website Thursday as part of an awareness-raising campaign to build momentum to reform the juvenile justice system.

The project engages viewers directly, asking readers: Have you ever gotten high? Shoplifted? Vandalized property or gotten into a fight? They’re not uncommon activities. The problem is that in recent decades, and especially for kids of color in poor communities, these transgressions can become arrestable offenses with lifelong consequences. The well-produced video makes no mention of the racial inequity which is so rampant throughout the juvenile justice system, but it does make a compelling argument for why a juvenile justice system with harsh automatic punishments which treats kids in a one-size-fits-all manner does little good for society. They’re not alone in arguing that youth would be better served with alternatives like counseling, social services, job opportunities and education.

The fact is that juvenile incarceration can very quickly close off children’s futures. It is the most salient predictor of eventual adult incarceration, in fact. And, as the video argues, “66 percent of kids who have been incarcerated never return to school.”

Find out more at MistakesKidsMake.org and learn about how you can speak up on this issue.

Maryland House of Delegates Votes to End Death Penalty

On March 15, the Maryland House of Delegates decisively passed (82-56) a bill that would replace the death penalty with life without parole, clearing the way for Maryland to become the sixth state in six years to abandon capital punishment. The measure will now go to the governor, who has pledged to sign it.

Maryland becomes the 18th state to abolish the death penalty, and the sixth in six years—and the first state below the Mason-Dixon line to end its capital punishment program.

Among the groups credited with turning the tide this year were the NAACP and the Catholic Church. The NAACP, led by president Ben Jealous, made Maryland repeal a national priority, according to the Baltimore Sun.

“Final vote in the MD House: 82-56. Today we accomplished a milestone that the Maryland NAACP has worked toward for more than a century,” Jealous tweeted shortly after the vote. “Today we finish the mission advanced by Juanita Mitchell and Thurgood Marshall: abolishing the death penalty in MD,” he went on to say.

Five states - Connecticut, Illinois, New Mexico, New York, and New Jersey - have repealed the death penalty since 2007, according to the Death Penalty Information Center. A total of 17 U.S. states have put an end to state-sanctioned executions.

Family of Slain Woman Killed by Chicago Police Officer’s Aimless Shots Wins $4.5 Million

Family of Slain Woman Killed by Chicago Police Officer's Aimless Shots Wins $4.5 Million

Rekia Boyd, 22, died on March 22, 2012, just a day after she was shot in the back of the head by a off-duty Chicago police detective Dante Servin. Boyd’s family filed suit last April alleging that Servin opened fire after having an argumenton with one person among a group of individuals Boyd was standing with in Douglas Park.

On Wednesday, close to a year after her death, the Chicago City Council approved a $4.5 million settlement for Boyd’s family.

WLS-TV has more details: 

Rekia’s Boyd’s family will receive $4.5 million as part of a wrongful death settlement approved by the city council. But justice, they say, will not be served until and unless Detective Servin is criminally charged.

“Superintendent (Garry) McCarthy and State’s Attorney (Anita) Alvarez should accelerate their investigation and bring charges,” said Bishop Tavis Grant. “It’s very clear this woman was murdered.”

Boyd’s family is still troubled that the officer is still with the department. Detective Servin was placed on administrative duty after the shooting where he remains today.

“We didn’t even get a damn I’m sorry yet. We’re still waiting,” Boyd’s brother, Martinez Sutton told WLS-TV.

Kimani Gray’s Mother Speaks: ‘He Was Slaughtered’

On Wednesday, Kimani “Kiki” Gray’s mother spoke at a news conference to talk about her son who died on Saturday night after being shot seven times by two NYPD police officers.

Carol Gray told reporters that her son was slaughtered.

“He was slaughtered,” Gray told a room filled with reporters, the AP reports. “And I want to know why.”

“Today was very hard,” she said, and paused for a long moment before she was able to finish the sentence. “I had to choose the color of the casket that I wanted,” Gray’s mother said at the press conference.

Justice Department Will Investigate Cleveland Police

The Justice Department announced today that it has opened a pattern or practice investigation into use of force by the Cleveland Division of Police (CPD). The investigation will focus on allegations that CPD officers use excessive force, including unreasonable deadly force, and on the adequacy of CPD’s training, supervision, and accountability mechanisms that are essential to effective, constitutional policing.

The Justice Department’s investigation will determine whether CPD officers engage in a pattern or practice of using excessive force in violation of the Constitution and federal law. This investigation will include a comprehensive review of CPD’s policies, procedures, training, accountability systems, and community engagement. As part of this investigation, the Justice Department will reach out to community members and groups for help in identifying potential problems within the police department.

Department officials have met with Cleveland Mayor Frank Jackson, CPD Chief Michael McGrath, and Director of Public Safety Martin Flask and will continue to work closely with both the city and CPD as the investigation progresses.

“Police officers across the country are called upon to protect and safeguard members of their communities and are afforded the authority they need to do so, including the authority to use deadly force,” said Thomas E. Perez, Assistant Attorney General for the Civil Rights Division. “It is absolutely imperative that officers use that authority responsibly and within the boundaries of the law. We are eager to work together with the city of Cleveland and its police department to help ensure that its officers are best serving the individuals they are sworn to protect.”

To learn more about the investigation, click here. Click here to read Assistant Attorney General Tom Perez’s remarks at the

Today Marks the 5 Millionth ‘Stop-And-Frisk’ by NYPD Under Bloomberg, Says NYCLU

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The NYPD is set to record its 5 millionth stop-and-frisk encounter under Mayor Bloomberg today, according to an analysis by the New York Civil Liberties Union based on an extrapolation of Police Department data.

“This disturbing milestone is a slap in the face to New Yorkers who cherish the right to walk down the street without being interrogated or even thrown up against the wall by the police,” said NYCLU Executive Director Donna Lieberman in a statement. “The NYPD’s routine abuse of stop-and-frisks is a tremendous waste of police resources, it sows mistrust between officers and the communities they serve, and it routinely violates fundamental rights. A walk to the subway, corner deli or school should not carry the assumption that you will be confronted by police, but that’s the disturbing reality for young men of color in New York City.”

Last year, the NYPD conducted 533,042 stop-and-frisks stops, with 473,300 of the stops, or 89 percent, resulting in no arrest or ticket. And 87 percent of people stopped were black of Latino, according to the NYCLU analysis.

Las Cafeteras Bring Activism and (Good!) Music to SXSW [VIDEO]

Las Cafeteras Bring Activism and (Good!) Music to SXSW [VIDEO] Play

The seven members of Las Cafeteras met in 2005 as students at free Son Jarocho classes at the Eastside Cafe in Los Angeles. The group says they use the folk music from Southern Veracruz, Mexico, as a tool to build autonomy, community and solidarity.

“The most beautiful thing about Las Cafeteras is that we we were organizers way before we were musicians,” band member Hector Flores told Colorlines.com on Tuesday. “Really what we’re trying to do, in the legacy of those that came before us, we are trying to spread the songs of peace, love and resistance.”

“We’re honored to share this music and message everywhere we go and now that we’re at South by Southwest, here we go,” he goes on to say.

Las Cafeteras will play at an official SXSW showcase on Friday night.

DATE: Friday, March 15
TIME: 11 to 11:40 p.m.
PLACE: Copa, 217 Congress Ave.

Check out Las Cafeteras “going for the gold” in the “Olympics against oppression” in our exclusive video. For even more information on the band and their movement music, visit their website http://lascafeteras.com.

Chicago Bulls Star Derrick Rose to Pay For Funeral of Slain 6 Month Old

Chicago Bulls Star Derrick Rose to Pay For Funeral of Slain 6 Month Old

Just when it seemed like the news out of Chicago couldn’t get any more heartbreaking, 6 month old Jonylah Watkins was shot and killed earlier this week. The child was shot multiple times in a car as her father changed her diaper. The girl’s father, Jonathan Watkins, was seriously injured in the shooting. The Chicago Bulls’s superstar point guard Derrick Rose has offered to pay for the baby’s funeral services.

According to NBC Chicago:

The Englewood [Chicago] native - who recently became a father last October when his son, Derrick Rose Jr. was born - has always felt a close connection to the plight of kids in Chicago, as evidenced by his speaking out during the recent Chicago Public School strike, and him shedding tears over the many obstacles that kids face during the launch of his new adidas sneaker, the Rose 3.0 in September.

The funeral is scheduled to be held next week.

TAGS: Chicago guns

NYPD Violence Looms in Third Day of Protests for Kimani Gray [PHOTOS]

NYPD Violence Looms in Third Day of Protests for Kimani Gray [PHOTOS]

Demonstrators gathered for a third straight day last night in East Flatbush, Brooklyn, to remember the life of 16-year-old Kimani Gray, who was shot and killed by New York Police Department officers earlier this week. The candlelight vigil was marked by concerns about violence, as demonstrators clashed with police officers once again. Reports vary on the number and nature of arrests, from a dozen to as many as 50. According to Gothamist:

An NYPD spokesman tells us they’re “still ascertaining and tabulating” the number of people arrested last night, explaining that some were issued summons while others were “sent through the system” (meaning at least one night in the Tombs). We saw at least 13 arrests, and the total number could easily be double that if not more. (The Post hears 50.) Many of those arrests resulted in a teenager on the pavement with three or four cops crowding over them. One particularly tense stand-off between a female demonstrator and a male police officer began with the cop telling her to get on the sidewalk, and her responding, “Or what, you’ll shoot me?” The officer, whose helmet had the number 7987 on it, said, “No, but I’ll slap you.”

According to those who have been touched by police violence in Brooklyn, the anger among protestors is understandable.

“I’m not going to tell people don’t be angry because we’re all angry,” said Franclot Graham, whose teenage son, Ramarley Graham, was shot and killed after police chased him into his Bronx home last year. A New York police officer has been charged with manslaughter in the death. “It’s OK to vent but you have to respect the family’s wishes and be peaceful,” he said.

Gray’s parents have said that they will not speak publicly as long as the violence continues because it will cloud their message. Their son was shot multiple times over the weekend. Witnesses have said that Gray was unarmed, while police contend that the teenager pointed a gun at then and prompted the gunfire.

Violence reportedly broke out at Wednesday night’s candlelight vigil after police detained Gray’s sister.

See more photos from last night’s protest and standoff with cops after the jump.

[This post has been updated since publication]

Study: Harris County, Texas Juries Twice As Likely to Demand Death Penalty for Black Defendants Than White

The U.S. criminal justice system is a reflection of the values and mores of the society it serves. Which is to say, racism is built into its bones. A new study, released today as part of an appeal filed in the case of death row inmate Duane Buck, offers but the latest evidence of that reality. In Harris County, Texas, juries and district attorneys mete out punishment that differs greatly depending on the race of the defendant. The study buttresses Buck’s argument that the death sentence he received in 1997 unconstitutional, and that his own case represents not just a one-time lapse of justice, but a systemic problem.

University of Maryland criminologist Ray Paternoster found in an analysis (PDF) of 504 Harris County cases similar to Buck’s between 1992 and 1999, Harris County prosecutors were more than three times as likely to seek the death penalty when the defendant was black than in cases when the defendant was white. Juries, too, treated white and black defendants differently. In cases similar to Buck’s, juries demanded the death penalty 20 percent of the time for white defendants, but 40 percent of the time when defendants were black. Buck is black.

“We are all at risk when our justice system allows prosecutors and juries to exercise lethal discretion based on race,” Sherrilyn Ifill, Director-Counsel for the NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund, said in a statement.

North Carolina’s Voter ID Bill Has Finally Arrived

North Carolina's Voter ID Bill Has Finally Arrived

The voter ID bill we reported was heading for North Carolina has finally arrived. State Republicans, who hold a super-majority in the state’s general assembly, announced last week they would move on the legislation they campaigned on to win that majority: Mandating photo ID for voters to cast ballots. Rep. David Lewis, who serves on the Republican National Committee, said they were going to “slow-walk” the legislation to make sure citizens adequately voice their concerns.

That stroll begins today with a public forum on voter ID legislation that starts this afternoon and is expected to go until late in the evening. Civil rights advocates argue that upwards of 500,000 of active North Carolinian voters — a third of whom are African Americans, and two-thirds of whom are women — lack a photo ID.

Rev. William J. Barber, who leads the state NAACP, has been working with a widespread grassroots coalition to organize voters in opposition to the pending law. Today, he said:

“We find ourselves at another Edmund Pettus Bridge today in North Carolina,” said Rev. Barber. “This time, on our long march to a more democratic, more diverse, more humane society, those of us who picked up the baton from Viola Liuzzo, Jimmie Lee Jackson, Andrew Goodman, James Chaney, Mickey Schwerner and the hundreds who died to win the vote and the Voting Rights Act, are facing new barricades trying to block the way to a more perfect union through poll taxes disguised as voter ID, race-based gerrymandering, plans to roll back early voting, same-say registration and Sunday voting and attacks on the Voting Rights Act. This is what hypocrisy looks like. The multi-racial, re-emerging Southern Freedom Movement in North Carolina is what democracy looks like.”

The civil rights coalition says they’ll be pushing for legislation that expands ballot access, making voting an official constitutionally protected right, and making it more difficult for legislation that restricts ballot access to pass.

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Activists Launch Campaign Against NYC’s Teen Pregnancy Ads

Activists Launch Campaign Against NYC's Teen Pregnancy Ads

Remember those really problematic teen pregnancy billboards that we talked about last week? The ones that are seemingly trying to shame teens out of getting pregnant? Well, reproductive rights activists in the city have launched a campaign to show that they won’t be bullied.

The New York Coalition for Reproductive Justice launched its “No Stigma! No Shame” campaign this week to get the city to address systemic issues relating to teen pregnancy. In a letter written to community members, the coalition’s lead organizer Jasmine Burnett wrote the following:

We fail as a society when we shame young people instead of teaching them what they need to know to make the best decisions about their lives. For those of us who do direct service, education and advocacy around issues of poverty, access to comprehensive sex education, contraception, family planning and addressing health disparities that have historically impacted communities of color, we are acutely aware of the budget cuts to programs and services that could address and reverse these conditions within our communities. The New York Coalition for Reproductive Justice is holding HRA accountable for reinforcing negative stereotypes about the decision-making ability of young people instead of investing in programs and policies that encourage young people to thrive.

Campaign organizers will hold a meeting on Monday, March 18 at 26 Bleeker Ave at 6pm.

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You’ll Love This Inspiring Video From New Orleans School Kids

You'll Love This Inspiring Video From New Orleans School Kids

In the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina, New Orleans’s school system was, like everything else in the city, turned upside down. That’s led to the creation of Kids Rethink New Orleans Schools, a youth-based non-profit that believes students should have a say in how their schools are run. This video shows how students in the program imagined what “wellness” meant to their communities. It’s a fun, engaging, and inspiring look at youth leadership. Enjoy!

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Actress Michelle Williams Compares Native Americans to Munchkins

Actress Michelle Williams Compares Native Americans to Munchkins

Actress Michelle Williams was recently cast in “Oz the Great and Powerful.” Should be a career boost, right? Right. Unless you go on the record comparing munchkins in a movie to Native Americans’ fight for life and land in the United States.

“Quadlings, Tinkers and Munchkins didn’t mean much to me; it wasn’t my language,” Williams said of the groups of misfits her character benevolently rules over in an interview with the Los Angeles Times last week. “But when I thought of them as Native Americans trying to inhabit their land or about women getting the right to vote, it made a lot more sense.”

Colorlines.com fam and The Nation blogger Aura Bogado wrote an open letter to Williams to address the matter. Bogado writes:

Native Americans are not Munchkins, Ms. Williams—and neither were the suffragettes who fought for your right to vote. To even suggest a comparison between imaginary Munchkins in a film and Natives in real life fighting for untold stakes is perilous because it sustains the entirely racist notion that Natives are cute creatures that require safekeeping. Unlike the costume you wore and later discarded, Natives cannot shake off five centuries of injustice after a photo shoot. There is no photo shoot. The struggle for Native land, sovereignty, healthcare, education and even running water remain real yet silent. That silence is only deepened when you make ludicrous statements that liken Natives to Munchkins.

Read more at The Nation.

Obama’s Labor Department Nod is Very, Very Good News

Obama's Labor Department Nod is Very, Very Good News

Word is out that Obama might be nominating Justice Department civil rights head attorney Thomas Perez to replace outgoing Labor Department Secretary Hilda Solis. Who is Perez? Remember those voter ID battles last year that the Justice Department went hard in the paint for, in Texas, South Carolina, and Florida? That was Perez. Remember how Justice went from defending the Defense of Marriage Act to defending, or at least no longer fighting against marriage equality? That was Perez. Remember how Justice started bringing the pain to banks that engaged in discriminatory housing and payday lending? Yup, that was all Perez.

Perez in fact restored the Justice Department’s civil rights legacy of protecting people of color after the Bush administration effectively defanged them for almost a decade. Perez served as Montgomery County, Md.’s first elected Latino council representative from 2002 to 2006 and later served as labor secretary under Maryland Gov. Martin O’Malley. He’s advocated strongly for immigrant workers, and for all these reasons, his pick for U.S. Labor will be loved by progressives and hated by conservatives, as Adam Serwer noted this morning at Mother Jones.

Writes Serwer:

Immigration reform advocates have high hopes for Perez, the child of exiles from the Dominican Republic. Gustavo Torres, head of the immigrant advocacy organization CASA de Maryland, told Mother Jones last year that while serving on the group’s board, Perez played a key role in turning the organization into an influential force. “We were a very small organization; we were dreaming of how we could make a difference,” Torres said. Perez “helped us develop a strategic plan to expand the organization around the state.” Perez, Torres says, “truly believes in integrating the immigrant community, and believes in comprehensive immigration reform.”

If he’s officially selected, he will have no easy passageway through the Senate. Senator Chuck Grassley of Iowa and Rep. Darryl Issa of California are expected to hammer him fiercely on a fair housing discrimination lawsuit Perez allegedly helped make go away in St. Paul, Minnesota. Sen. Grassley also believes that Perez’s civil rights division has been overreaching in it’s federal law challenges.

Meanwhile, an official nod from Obama would signal that his administration is not shying away from supporting organized labor and immigrant workers rights.

Mississippi Won’t Ever Let Anyone Tell You How Much Soda to Drink

Mississippi Won't Ever Let Anyone Tell You How Much Soda to Drink

New Yorkers have narrowly escaped Mayor Michael Bloomberg’s plan to ban larger soda sizes. On Monday, a judge in Manhattan struck down a rule capping soda sizes in an effort that Bloomberg framed as one that couple curb stubbornly high obesity rates in communities of color. New Yorkers, after all, can and should be allowed to do whatever they want (according to the ads that ran agains the move). The same is apparently also true in Mississippi, where lawmakers there have passed a law to never let any high minded, health conscious politician tell you how much soda you’re allowed to drink.

From NPR’s Morning Edition:

A bill now on the governor’s desk would bar counties and towns from enacting rules that require calorie counts to be posted, that cap portion sizes, or that keep toys out of kids’ meals. “The Anti-Bloomberg Bill” garnered wide bipartisan support in both chambers of the legislature in a state where one in three adults is obese, the highest rate in the nation.

The bill is expected to be signed by Gov. Phil Bryant, a Republican. It was the subject of intense lobbying by groups including the restaurant association, the small business and beverage group, and the chicken farmers’ lobby.

The soda ban was an imperfect and unpopular way to address a very real problem: skyrocketing rates of obesity and diabetes in poor black and Latino communities. Health in any major city is often a racializied issue, and this was certainly a racialized solution; no one mentioned banning grande caramel frappaccinos at Starbucks. Legislative back-and-forths like this would almost be funny if there weren’t real lives at stake.

NYPD Kills Teen Who Witness Says Was Just Adjusting Belt

NYPD Kills Teen Who Witness Says Was Just Adjusting Belt

Two plainclothes New York City Police officers shot and killed a teenage boy late Saturday night in East Flatbush, Brooklyn. Police officers say Kimani Gray, 16, adjusted his waistband in a “suspicious manner” before they fired 11 rounds.

Local news sources however are offering conflicting reports.

An eyewitness told Pix11 that Gray was “running for his life” when he was shot dead and never brandished a weapon.

“‘He was running for his life, telling the cops, ‘Stop,’” witness Camille Johnson told Pix11 in the video report seen at the top of this story. “They really are, seriously, walking around, shooting little kids,” Johnson went on to say.

The New York Times interviewed Gray’s sister who reported Kimani did not own a gun: 

Mr. Gray’s sister, Mahnefah Gray, 19, said that a witness to the shooting told her that her brother had been fixing his belt when he was shot. She, among others who knew Mr. Gray, said they had never known him to have a gun. Even if he had one on Saturday night, he would not have pointed it at police officers, Ms. Gray said.

However, Paul J. Browne, the chief spokesman for the Police Department tells the Times a much different story.

“After the anti-crime sergeant and police officer told the suspect to show his hands, which was heard by witnesses, Gray produced a revolver and pointed it at the officers, who fired a total of 11 rounds, striking Gray several times,” Mr. Browne said.

A woman who identified herself as Gray’s cousin corroborated with the police department’s story and told NY1 that the teenager was carrying the handgun for a friend. She also thought that Gray was trying to alert police that he had a weapon, rather than use it.

Gray’s sister Manefah challenged those statements. 

“Fixing his belt, fixing his belt was technically what he had. He had to really pull it because he had a skinny waist. So probably he was grabbing his belt to squeeze it,” said Mahnefah Gray. “They thought he was grabbing back to get a gun. He’s 16 years old. What is he pointing a gun at over six police, knowing that they would kill him? He has common sense.”

Yes, Racism is a Public Health Risk

Yes, Racism is a Public Health Risk

There’s been lots of talk nationally about Stop-and-Frisk, the New York Police Department’s controversial policing tactic. On Monday, the issue is set to finally go to court, where critics will argue that it infringes on people’s constitutional rights. Over at the Atlantic, doctoral student Jason Silverstein lays out a compelling case that racism — or, in this case, the racial profiling that critics of Stop-and-Frisk say are central to the way it’s implemented — doesn’t just make people feel bad, but that’s actually bad for people’s bodies.

A new study by Kathryn Freeman Anderson in Sociological Inquiry adds evidence to the hypothesis that racism harms health. To study the connection, Anderson analyzed the massive 2004 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, which includes data for other 30,000 people. Conceptually, she proposes a simple pathway with two clear steps. First, because of the prevalence of racial discrimination, being a racial minority leads to greater stress. Not surprisingly, Anderson found that 18.2 percent of black participants experienced emotional stress and 9.8 percent experienced physical stress. Comparatively, only 3.5 and 1.6 percent of whites experienced emotional and physical stress, respectively. 
Second, this stress leads to poorer mental and physical health. But this is not only because stress breaks the body down. It is also because stress pushes people to cope in unhealthy ways. When we feel stressed, we may want a drink and, if we want a drink, we may also want a cigarette. But discrimination is not just any form of stress. It is a type of stress that disproportionately affects minorities. 
Here we see how racism works in a cycle to damage health. People at a social disadvantage are more likely to experience stress from racism. And they are less likely to have the resources to extinguish this stress, because they are at a social disadvantage.

It’s a really intriguing read, an important one. See the whole thing at The Atlantic.

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