More Dominicans left New York City than arrived since 2000 while the growth of Mexican immigrants nearly bumped them ahead of South Americans into third place among Latinos in NYC, according to Census data analysed by the population division of the NYC Department of City Planning.
If the trend continues, Mexicans are “poised” to overtake Puerto Ricans and Dominicans among mothers giving birth in the city. The New York Times’ City Room blog points out “birthrates among Mexican immigrants in North Corona, Queens, are nearly as high as among Orthodox Jews in central Brooklyn, who have one of the highest birthrates of any group in the city.”
Latinos are New York City’s second-largest ethnic group, making up 28% of the city’s 8.2 million residents. More than one in four New Yorkers is Latino.
Brooklyn accounted for 49,000 of the city’s 100,000 loss in black residents. Blacks moved from densely populated centers to the fringes in Canarsie and East New York, the City Room blog points out.
The loss of black population in Brooklyn’s north central neighborhoods (largely through migration) has been a central focus to the Department of City Planning, according to the report:
Were it not for natural increase and the propensity of some black households to move into neighborhoods on the eastern/southeastern periphery of the borough, losses of black population would have been even more substantial. Increases in younger, white households—almost totally a product of domestic migration—have moved into a number of northern and central Brooklyn neighborhoods.
The report also points out Harlem and Washington Heights have seen a loss in black and “white Hispanic” populations:
In Manhattan, the relative loss of black population, a product of net out-migration from neighborhoods to the north, was the largest of any borough. While Hispanic losses were recorded in Manhattan—much of them a product of migration out of Washington Heights—they were dampened by the movement of Hispanics into northern portions of Central Harlem.
Staten Island was the only borough to experience an increase in black, Latino, and Asian populations, resulting in increased race/Hispanic mixes in many areas, particularly on the North Shore.