In a look at “Stand Your Ground” laws, ProPublica’s Cora Currier explains that “In 2005, Florida became the first state to explicitly expand a person’s right to use deadly force for self-defense. Deadly force is justified if a person is gravely threatened, in the home, or ‘any other place where he or she has a right to be.’ In Florida, once self-defense is invoked, the burden is on the prosecution to disprove the claim.”
Currier notes, “Most states have long allowed the use of reasonable force, sometimes including deadly force, to protect oneself inside one’s home—the so-called Castle Doctrine. Outside the home, people generally still have a ‘duty to retreat’ from their attacker, if possible, to avoid confrontation. In other words, if you can get away and you shoot anyway, you can be prosecuted. In Florida, there is no duty to retreat. You can ‘stand your ground’ outside your home too.”
Below is a list of 23 states ProPublica have sweeping self-defense laws just like Florida’s:
Click on the state to see its law.
Illinois (The law does not includes a duty to retreat, which courts have interpreted as a right to expansive self-defense.)
Oregon (Also does not include a duty to retreat.)
Washington (Also does not include a duty to retreat.)